• O Insulin: O In T1D, the body does not produce insulin. O Insulin is a hormone, needed for

700 WordsApr 23, 20193 Pages
• O Insulin: O In T1D, the body does not produce insulin. O Insulin is a hormone, needed for converting sugar, starches, and other food into energy. O Insulin is a polypeptide hormone, made by the beta cells in the pancreas. These regulate the metabolism of glucose and other nutrients in the body. O Insulin causes cells in the liver, skeletal muscles, and fat tissue to absorb glucose from the blood. O Only 5% of people with diabetes have this form of the disease. O Inheritance: O Inheritance patterns in T1D are not clearly known, although they are passed down through generations in families. O Its is not known if it is dominant or recessive, because of too many variables. O T1D is both considered pleiotropic and mitochondrial. O This is…show more content…
O Diagnosis: O Unless there is a history of diabetes in the family, it can be hard to diagnose because of common symptoms such as vomiting and headaches. O A blood sample will be requested, for diagnosis, to check glucose levels. O There are 3 tests given to patients: Fasting Blood Glucose or FBG, Random Blood Glucose, and Oral Glucose Tolerance Test or OGTT. O Diagnosis continued: O FBG is a blood sample taken after an eight hour fast. If a reading is 126 mg/dl or higher it constitutes diabetes, usually followed by a later second reading. O Random Blood Glucose does not use fasting, but the reading is higher. At 200 mg/dl or higher the diagnosis will be positive. O OGTT requires a sugary beverage to be consumed before the reading to test how well the pancreas handles the glucose. O After a two hour period, of 30 minute readings, if the numbers are higher than 200 mg/dl, it means abnormal blood sugar or diabetic. If the numbers are below 140 mg/dl then the blood sugar is normal. O Symptoms: (High Blood Sugar) O High Blood Sugar •Thirst •Hunger •Tiredness •Blurry eyesight • Numbness or tingling in feet •Lose of weight (not voluntary) •Frequent urination The first signs of type 1 diabetes, or very high blood sugar (diabetic ketoacidosis): •Deep or rapid breathing •Dry skin and lips •Flushed (or red) face •Fruity smelling breath •Nausea or vomiting (even with fluids) •Stomach aches O Symptoms: (Low Blood Sugar) O Low Blood Sugar

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