Essay on Obedience

1004 Words Oct 22nd, 2015 5 Pages
Erin Poulsen
ACP W131
Mr. Scanlan
19 October, 2015
Comparative Critique Obedience and Disobedience has been a part of key moments in history. Many have studied forms of obedience to learn how it affects people and situations. For example, Stanley Milgram conducted a well-known experiment in which the subject, named the “teacher” must shock the “learner” every time he doesn’t remember a word pair from a memory test. The focus of this study is on the teacher, and whether they will administer killing shocks when told to by an authority figure. Another well-known experiment is the Stanford Prison Experiment conducted by Philip Zimbardo. A group of college boys were separated into two groups, prison guards and prisoners, and were put
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Dalrymple then discusses the struggle to obey or disobey and that blind disobedience seems like a noble stance but isn’t always the correct way to deal with things. He then goes further in depth by examining the roots of blind disobedience and other key aspects. Fromm states that obedience to authority is submission in certain situations, and Dalrymple expands on that idea by identifying an example where submission obedience is used. Fromm and Dalrymple oppose each other in the topic of the roots of disobedience. Fromm believes disobedience has come through history, while Dalrymple believes that disobedience begins in childhood. Fromm believes that there are various types of obedience, one of them applying to authority and power. Fromm defines these types of obedience, stating “Obedience to a person, institution or power (heteronomous obedience) is submission; it implies the abdication of my autonomy and the acceptance of a foreign will or judgement in place of my own” (Fromm 228). Fromm claims that obedience to any authority, whether it is a person or institution, is called heteronomous obedience. He claims that heteronomous obedience is submission because a person follows orders and accepts the authority’s judgement in place of their own. The obedience is considered submission and not free will because the obedience suppresses one’s self for a higher power. Dalrymple also agrees with Fromm’s definition of heteronomous obedience and

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