Obesity : A Disease That Affects More Than One Third Of The United States

866 Words Mar 29th, 2016 4 Pages
Obesity
What is Obesity?
Obesity is increasing throughout the world and is a combination of poor food choices and physical inactivity. It is the second leading cause of preventable deaths in the United States and is responsible for nearly 300,000 deaths per year. An obese human body consists of it carrying an excess amount of adipose tissue. Adipose tissue is an endocrine organ that secretes many products such as metabolites, cytokines, lipids, and coagulation factors. The human body needs some body fat for insulation, storing energy, and shock absorption, however obesity causes increased levels of circulating fatty acids and inflammation. Being obese can cause numerous problematic disease such as diabetes, heart disease, and high blood pressure. According to a research article by Eric Ravussin, PhD., “Obesity is a disease that affects more than one-third of the U.S. adult population (approximately 78.6 million Americans). The number of Americans with obesity has steadily increased since 1960, a trend that has slowed in recent years but shows no sign of reversing. Today, 69 percent of U.S. adults are categorized as being affected by obesity or having excess weight.” (Obesity Society) Obesity continues to significantly impact our health-care costs in the United States. The cost of health-care for obese adults is close to two-hundred billion dollars a year.

Causes of Obesity
There are many factors that contribute to obesity such as medications, psychological and social…
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