Obesity : A Global Epidemic That Affects Adolescents

3168 Words Apr 17th, 2015 13 Pages
Introduction
Malnutrition and obesity are common issues that are widely observed within pediatric populations in the hospital setting. Pediatric patients with nutritional defects are at an increased risk for immune complications, along with physical and cognitive problems that could substantially impact clinical outcomes. (“Pediatrics Week,” 2014) This review is intended to
According to Merriam Webster Online, malnutrition is defined as “the unhealthy condition that results from not eating enough food or not eating enough healthy food.” A lack of nutrition or over-nutrition is associated with acute and long-term issues such as “poor wound healing, higher infection risks, increased hospital stays, and eventual mortality and morbidity.” (McCarthy, Dixon, Crabtree, Eaton-Evans, McNulty, 2012).
Child obesity is a global epidemic that affects adolescents all throughout the world. Medical conditions that were once thought to primarily target adult patients are now being seen in children and adolescents more than ever before. According to (Tyler, J., Fruh S., Mulekar, M., 2014), adolescents who are overweight are more likely to continue to be overweight into adulthood. This increases the chance of obesity related complications such as cardiovascular disease, renal disease, and cancers. Factors that attribute to obesity are “increased intake of sugar-sweetened beverages, calorie dense snacking, large portion sizes, and increased intake of processed foods.” (Tyler, 2014)
The…
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