Obesity : A Serious Medical Condition

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Obesity is a serious medical condition that requires treatment to lower the risk of metabolic and cardiovascular disorders. However, one in three people in the United States is clinically obese (Overweight and Obesity Statistics) and 10-25% of obese individuals are labeled metabolically healthy (Bluher). Obesity is clinically diagnosed with a body mass index (BMI) of a score of 30 or greater in reference to the total weight in people’s body compared to their height (Overweight and Obesity Statistics). Although obesity is shown to increase mortality rate with associated metabolic and cardiovascular disorders, a recently classified observable trait of an individual, or phenotype, developed to separate the metabolically healthy from the unhealthy: Metabolically Healthy Obesity or MHO (Bluher). Whereas metabolism is the biological functions that maintain the living state of cells, metabolic health in reference to MHO is classified as being clinically obese while maintaining a waist size of a maximum 40 or 35 inches for a man and woman respectively, normal blood pressure, cholesterol and blood sugar compared to healthy individuals of their age groups, normal sensitivity to insulin and moderate physical fitness (Skerrett).
While the MHO phenotype can be a prognosis to help doctors identify the most effective and beneficial treatment to a patient, surgery or weight-loss, it is a misleading title given to an obese patient because of the counterintuitive logic behind the term.
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