Obesity And Its Effect On Health

1217 WordsJun 2, 20165 Pages
Over the last few decades, obesity has become a worldwide concern due to its continuously increasing prevalence (1). Especially in Australia, more than 60% of adults, 25% of children are overweight or obese (2). Beyond its potential adverse effect on health outcome and relationship to chronic diseases, such as type 2 diabetes, hypertension and heart disease,obesity also influences people’s quality of life (3). Sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB), on the other hand, were frequently referred by scientific literature and public media due its high consumption and possible contribution to overweight and obesity. SSBs are defined as sweetened beverages that do not contain artificial sweeteners, such as sucrose and high-fructose corn syrup, including soft drinks, fruit flavoured drinks, cordials, sports drinks, energy drinks and vitamin water drinks (4). According to the result of 2011-12 Australian National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey (NNPAS), Australia is the top 10 highest SSB consumption countries by calculating the per capita consumption of SSB(4). Systematic reviews revealed that findings from large cross-sectional studies, in conjunction with those from well-powered prospective cohort studies with long periods of follow-up have consistently suggested that SSB significantly contributed to obesity epidemics (5, 6) . Evidence from randomised controlled trials (RCT) also found increasing SSB intake contributed to significant weight gain (7). However, the underlying
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