Obesity And Its Effects On The Field Of Public Health

992 Words Jun 18th, 2015 4 Pages
Problem Statement: Diabetes Management brings substantial financial and social burden through its short and long term effects on individuals’ life. According to American Diabetes Association, diabetes has affected 29.1 million Americans in 2012, with $176 billion direct medical costs (American Diabetes Association, 2014). Such increasing trends in incidences of diabetes and its associated comorbidities has raised many concerns on quality of health care and has placed this disease as the main target for behavioral lifestyle interventions and diabetes management programs in the field of public health.
Brief Literature Review: The prevalence of diabetes has increased exponentially in the past few decades. It is estimated that each year, 1.7 million people are diagnosed with diabetes in United States (American Diabetes Association, 2014). According to the most recent data gathered, the prevalence of this disease is highest among certain racial groups: American Indians/Alaska Natives (15.9%), non-Hispanic blacks (13.2%), and Hispanic (12.8%) (American Diabetes Association, 2014). People with diabetes are at increased risk of developing several other co-morbidities and functional impairments including circulatory, renal, ophthalmic, neurological disorders. As of 2010, the complications from diabetes accounted for 234,051 death certificates, making it the seventh leading cause of death in the United States (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2014). Unfortunately due…
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