Obesity And The Influences Of Physiological And Socio Economic Factors On Individual 's Health And Society

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This assignment will be focusing on obesity and the influences of physiological and socio-economic factors on individual’s health and society. Also, a current health strategy, ‘Healthy Weight, Healthy Lives’ proposing to prevent obesity and improve quality of individuals and society will be evaluated. Finally, the role of child, learning disability and mental health nurse in improving individual’s life will be explored. Obesity is when a person has accumulated excess amount of fat to the point that it is affecting their health (WHO, 2015). WHO (2015) defines an adult with BMI greater than 25 as overweight and 30 above as obese. However, it is argued that BMI is not 100% reliable because it does not distinguish between body fat and muscle mass (National Obesity Observatory, 2009). For instance, a body builder with BMI 40 is classed as obese but this can be inaccurate as his weight has higher percentage of muscles mass than body fat. Therefore, measures i.e. waist, hip circumference, skin fold thickness and body fat ratio should be used for better indication of fatness (NOO, 2009). The prevalence of obesity is rising rapidly with England being the highest obesity rate in Europe (Public Health England, 2016). According to the HSE (2014), 24% men and 25% women are obese while 42% men and 32% women are overweight (Health and Social Care Information Centre, 2014). Obesity is caused mainly due to eating high calorie diet and lack of exercise although genetics and medical

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