Obesity As A Body Mass Index

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Obesity is defined as a body mass index (BMI) ≥30 kg/m2. It is a rising epidemic due to many factors including genetics, lifestyle and other hormonal/medical issues. According to the World Health Organization, worldwide there are about 500 million obese adults and 42 million obese children. In the United States, 35 percent of adults (roughly 100 million people) and 17 percent of children are obese.
Obesity is linked to many complications, including hypertension, dyslipidemia, type 2 diabetes, heart disease, stroke, cancers (eg, breast, gynecological, gastrointestinal), osteoarthritis, fatty liver disease, obstructive sleep apnea, hypogonadism, and depression. The risk of developing these complications increases
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Two common surgeries performed in these patients are laparoscopic banding (Lap-Band) and gastric bypass. Many studies have compared both in regards to outcome, including success in weight reduction, complications and costs.
Significance for Nursing
At some point during their career, nurses would probably care for patients who have undergone one of these 2 surgeries. I believe it is important from nursing standpoint to understand bariatric surgery and mostly know what the patient should expect after the operation in terms of success, side effects and potential complications.
Purpose of the Study
The purpose of this study is to compare the 2 common types of bariatric procedures, Lap-Band and bypass. By having a better understanding of all this, nurses would be more educated on obesity surgical management and should be able to provide a better patient care.
Theoretical Framework
The theoretical framework of this study is to compare the 2 bariatric procedures most commonly used to treat obese patients who decide to undergo surgery for weight management. A total of 4 studies, research-based will be discussed in detail comparing both bariatric procedures, specifically looking at effectiveness (in terms of percent weight loss), intra-operative as well as early and late postoperative complications rates, hospital stay, and
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