Obesity Is A Health Risk

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Obesity is defined as a condition characterized by the accumulation of excess body fat, this abnormal or excessive fat accumulation may impair on one’s health, leading to a reduced life expectancy (Health Boosters, 2012). Obesity occurs when an individual’s energy intake exceeds their energy expenditure, the larger the imbalance the more rapid the weight gain (Medibank, 2010). For practical reasons, body weight has been used to indicate whether someone is overweight or obese, and is commonly calculated by Body Mass Index (BMI)(NSW Centre for Public Health Nutrition & NSW Department of Health, 2007). BMI = (Weight (kg))/(〖Heithet〗^2 (m^2 ) ) Obesity is a health risk and can lead to a range of medical conditions and complications (Medibank, 2010). An obese person has a higher possibility to suffer form many cardiovascular and musculoskeletal diseases and some cancers, e.g., type 2 diabetes, osteoarthritis, and pancreas cancer (Medibank, 2010). In addition, being overweight can hamper the ability to control or manage chronic disorders (Peeters and Backholer 2012). As the level of excess weight increases, so does the risk of developing these conditions (Aihw.gov.au, 2014). However, obesity has becoming a growing global health problem since more and more people tend to put on unnecessary pounds nowadays (Shah, 2010). Obesity has become the single biggest threat to public health in Australia today; it has overtaken smoking as the leading cause of premature death and illness
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