Obesity : Obesity And Obesity

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a) Obesity
It occurs when energy intake from drink and food consumption is more than energy usage through physical activity and the body’s metabolism over a long time, leading to the accumulation of excess body fat. Nonetheless, many complex societal and behavioral factors contribute to the sources of obesity. An estimated 25% of Women in the UK are obese, and this is associated with social inequality: the frequency of obesity rises with greater levels of destitution.
Almost half of the women population that have attained childbearing age in England are either obese or overweight. Maternity Obesity; Body Mass Index (BMI) of 30 and higher, at the initial antenatal consultation, can increase health risks or both the infant and mother during and after pregnancy. For child risks include stillbirths, congenital anomalies, and fetal macrosomia. For the mother, there is a risk of developing high blood pressure, gestational diabetes, depression, cardiac disease, thromboembolism, and severe morbidity or maternal death. It has also been associated with low breastfeeding rates, childhood obesity, and adverse childhood respiratory and cardiovascular outcomes (Schrauwers & Dekker, 2009 p. 36). Severe obesity; BMI of 40 or higher, is estimated to increase further over the next thirty years with linkage of longer postnatal stays, higher risks of birth complications and wound infections (BMI). A national audit of maternal obesity conducted across the UK by CMACE in 2009 indicates that

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