Obesity Essay

1053 WordsApr 30, 20135 Pages
Childhood obesity has more than doubled in children and tripled in adolescents in the past 30 years.1, 2 The percentage of children aged 6–11 years in the United States who were obese increased from 7% in 1980 to nearly 18% in 2010. Similarly, the percentage of adolescents aged 12–19 years who were obese increased from 5% to 18% over the same period.1, 2 In 2010, more than one third of children and adolescents were overweight or obese.1 Overweight is defined as having excess body weight for a particular height from fat, muscle, bone, water, or a combination of these factors.3 Obesity is defined as having excess body fat.4 Overweight and obesity are the result of “caloric imbalance”—too few calories expended for the amount of calories…show more content…
During their youth, for example, they are more likely to exhibit risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) including high blood pressure, high cholesterol, dyslipidemia, and type 2 diabetes compared with normal weight individuals.4 Additional health complications associated with overweight children include sleep apnea, asthma, and liver damage.4 Further, overweight children and adolescents are more likely to become obese adults. For example, one study found that approximately 80 percent of children who were overweight at 10 to 15 years old were obese at 25.4 Another study found that 25 percent of obese adults were overweight as children.4 This study also concluded that if overweight begins before 8 years of age, obesity in adulthood is likely to be more severe. Finally, childhood overweight has psychological and emotional consequences. Overweight children are at an increased risk of teasing and bullying, low self-esteem, and poor body image. http://www.ext.colostate.edu/pubs/foodnut/09317.html In the past 30 years, the occurrence of overweight in children has doubled and it is now estimated that one third of children ages 2-19 in the U.S. (approximately 23 million) is overweight. The health consequences of obesity are numerous and alarming. Type II diabetes,

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