Obesity : The Most Preventable Metabolic Disease

1988 Words8 Pages
Abstract Obesity is one the most preventable metabolic diseases that afflicts millions of adults and children around the world. Childhood obesity is a result of many metabolic disorders such as diabetes, hypertension, heart disease, excess body fat, and abnormal cholesterol levels. There have been studies regarding various racial and ethnic implications in the occurrence of childhood obesity. By understanding the various reasons for these discrepancies in the various conditions that obesity presents, there may be a route for treating obesity specific to each racial population including African Americans (blacks), Hispanics, and whites. Some of these various reasons for the disparities include socioeconomic factors and genetic variations, although further research may be necessary to establish strong scientific correlations.
Introduction
Obesity is a complicated disorder consisting of various diseases and health problems that affects adults and children alike. These diseases relating to obesity include hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and heart disease. The chances of obesity increase with a high body mass index (BMI) and in children, having a BMI at or above the 95th percentile constitutes obesity. BMI is a weight to height ratio and is an indicator of body fatness which allows clinicians to detect weight problems such as obesity.
In the United States, child and adolescent obesity has become a significant epidemiological issue. There are over 12 million children

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