Obesity : The Prevalence Of Obesity

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The prevalence of obesity in the UK and worldwide is increasing. More than half of UK men and women aged ≥ 18 years old are considered overweight [i.e., a body mass index (BMI; in kg/m2) ≥ 25], and nearly one-fourth are clinically obese (BMI ≥ 30). Most of the cases of obesity within the UK are termed moderate. Nevertheless, moderate obesity is a risk factor for many long term metabolic conditions such as dyslipidaemia, hypertension, insulin resistance, glucose intolerance and type II diabetes (Grundy, 1998). These conditions are particularly associated with central obesity, whereby fat is deposited intra-abdominally (Elliott et al, 2002).
In the UK there are … obese adults and the number is growing, as it is among all age groups across the UK. Scotland has the highest rates… closely followed by England… which is 27 on the world stage for countries with the most prevalent obesity rates. Trends in obesity from 2006-2011 across UK countries can be seen in table 1:
There are many factors that contribute towards obesity, which primarily occurs due to a person’s caloric intake exceeding energy expenditure over a period of many years (ref). Reasons for the increasing prevalence of this condition are a combination of environmental influences interacting with predisposing genetic components (Elliott et al, 2008). Investigating causes of obesity’s prevalence is important so that effective public healthcare policies and nutritional and physical
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