Obesity and Diabetes in Young Children Essay

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Obesity is medical condition where excess body fat accumulates to an extent that it becomes harmful to the body. Medical practitioners consider obesity a chronic and life-long disease like diabetes and high blood pressure. The disease has long-term effects for health. In fact, it is the second leading cause of preventable deaths in the United States of America. Obesity affects both adults and children but it is more chronic to young children. This paper will look at the analysis of diabetes in young children, obesity, health education strategies and communication strategies used in nursing care and control of diabetes (Benjamin, 2011, 108). Summary of the article Obesity in children has become a serious health issue, in the United…show more content…
Human growth and development refer to age, physical, psychological, psychosocial and behavioral developments of human beings from the time of conception to death. Several theorists and thinkers came up with developmental theories explaining developmental aspects and stages, as they relate to human beings. Jean Piaget established cognitive developmental theory that addresses developmental issues, in different stages of human life. In this theory, Piaget believes that children move through four stages of development from their infancy to adolescence. These stages include sensori-motor stage, preoperational stage, concrete operational stage and formal operational stage. Infants and toddlers occupy the sensori-motor stage that lasts from the time of birth to approximately two years of age. Children at this stage have several characteristics, in common. At this stage, infants try to make sense of the world. The knowledge of the world of infants, at this stage is limited, to sensory perceptions and motor activities. Their behaviors are limited to simplified motor responses influenced by sensory stimuli. All infants use abilities and skills that they acquired by birthright (Kail & Cavanaugh, 2008, 13). The sensori-motor stage has six subdivisions that occur as the child grows. The infant is environmental sensitive through all these sub-stages. The infant concentrates on familiarizing with the environment around it. They respond to the world around them by
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