Obesity as a Disease Essay

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Abstract
As a health care professional it is our position statement that obesity should be considered as a disease. Overweight and obese adults are considered at risk for developing diseases such as type II diabetes, hypertension, high blood cholesterol, coronary heart disease, and certain type of cancers. An average of 300,000 deaths is associated with obesity and the total economic cost of obesity in U.S. was about $ 117 billion in 2000. As health care professionals it is our responsibility to increase public awareness of health consequences of over weight and obesity. Obesity as a disease: Obesity fits all the definitions of ‘disease’, that is, interruption in bodily function.
II.     Position Statement
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The National Institutes of Health Guidelines summarizes that overweight and obese adults with a BMI of 25 are considered at risk for developing diseases such as type II diabetes, hypertension, high blood cholesterol, coronary heart disease, and some type of cancers. Individuals with a BMI of 25 to 29.9 are considered overweight, while individuals with a BMI >30 are considered obese [1].
a.     Obesity and Type II Diabetes:
A research done by Amy Weinstein et al. states that physical activity and BMI are independent predictors of type II diabetes. It further adds that degree of association of BMI is much more then physical activity. The research was done on forty thousand women with a follow up for seven years [2].
b.     Obesity and Cardiovascular Diseases [CVD]:
Strong relationship has been observed between obesity and heart related diseases. Researches confirm that weight gain increases blood pressure in obese and overweight hypertensive and nonhypertensive individuals. Weight gain has shown to increase serum triglycerides, blood cholesterol level, and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) also called bad cholesterol. Weight gain is also related to decreased high-density lipoprotein (HDL) also known as good cholesterol [1].
c.     Obesity and Respiratory function:
A study from England concluded that abdominal

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