Objectives Of Ergonomics

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Ergonomics (or human factors) is the scientific discipline concerned with the understanding of interactions among humans and other elements of a system and the profession that applies theory, principles, data and methods to design in order to optimize human well being and overall system performance (W.Karwowski,2006). It is a discipline that involves arranging the work environment to fit person in it or also known the science of fitting the work environment to the worker. It shows the interaction of a worker and their equipment and job on how to complete the work tasks. The name ‘ergonomics’ comes from Greek words ‘ergon’, which means work and ‘nomos’ which means law (R.S.Bridger, 2008). Simply put, ergonomics defined as the design of the human…show more content…
The objectives of ergonomics are to improve the efficiency of operation and to maximize productivity. It aims to ensure that human needs for safe and efficient working are met in the design of work system and it is focusing to find the best fit between the workers and their daily work tasks and environment. The efficiency of operation includes the widest senses of achieving the desired results without wasteful input, without error and without damage to the person involved or to others. It is inefficient to expend unnecessary energy or time because insufficient thought has been given to the design of the work, the workspace, the working environment and the working conditions. It is not efficient to achieve the desired result in spite of the situation design rather than with support from it. To ensure that the working situation is in harmony with the activities of the worker is also one of ergonomics’ aims. The human operator is flexible and adaptable and there is continuous learning but there are quite large individual differences. Some differences such as physical size and strength are obvious but others such as cultural differences and differences in style and in level of skill are less easy to
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