The rising cost of inmate health care in American prisons has been a topic of discussion for many. What has not been discussed as attentively, though, are the rising mental health costs for the aging inmate population. The mandatory sentencing policies instituted in the 1970s have caused a dramatic increase in the nation’s prison population, with 125,000 of 1.5 million inmates being aged 55 years or older in 2010, according to a Human Rights Watch report. Annual health care costs for an inmate aged 55-59 are approximately $11,000, while the annual costs for an inmate aged 80 and higher are nearly four times that amount. Compare these figures to the $5,500 annual health care cost for a younger inmate and the issue becomes undeniable – it is essential that our nation discovers a way to both decrease health care costs for inmates and address the growing population of elderly inmates.
Jails and prisons lay at the heart of the Criminal Justice System. These facilities helped forge the concept of rehabilitation. These institutions have changed over time and now reflect the modern methods of housing convicted individuals who need to be reformed or punished.
Andersonville Prison epitomized the ultimate crime against humanity. The atrocities that transpired in this confederate prison sparked reaction and outrage at the conclusion of the Civil War.
The incarcerated individuals within the correctional facilities in Canada make up one of the highest risk population groups for HIV and it continues to be a significant problem within the Canadian correctional facilities (Chu, Elliott, & Canadian HIV/AIDS network, 2009). Canadian prisoners make up a substantial chunk of the individuals infected with HIV as whole, inside and outside of the prison system (Chu, Peddle, & Canadian HIV-AIDS Legal Network, 2010). The HIV rate in Canadian prisons remains relatively stable, which is good news, however, there is not a whole lot done in order to help the individuals who are infected with HIV at the moment (Public health agency of Canada, 2012). During the years of 2009 and 2010 there were 13,500 incarcerated inmates and of that population roughly 2% were infected with HIV, this did not include the individuals who have not disclosed their HIV status to prison officials; or those who are HIV positive but have not been tested for the virus (Public health agency of Canada, 2012). An article written by Bonnycastle and Villebrun, (2011) found that the CSC infectious disease surveillance system estimates that 70% of prisoners remain unscreened for HIV, because the prisoners at the highest risk for the disease are more likely to forgo the testing. Drug use is prohibited within Canadian prisons, however, it still continues to be a problem with the inmates (Correctional service of Canada, 2015). Drug use is the biggest reason that inmates are
There is no typical jail. Many jails are part of multipurpose buildings that also serve as the county courthouse, the sheriff's office, or the police station. Others are larger and self-contained. Although it is often charged that most jails are antiquated, the majority of jails were opened between the 1950s and 1980s. Although most jails are small, rural or suburban facilities, almost half of all jailed prisoners are in large urban institutions, which tend to be chronically overcrowded. Many jails utilize double occupancy, perching two or more inmates into cells designed for one. Large numbers of inmates are also housed in dormitories. Many of these arrangements are a far cry from meeting the standards promulgated by the Commission on Accreditation
On Sunday, February 14, 2016 at about 2057 hours while present at group 31 officer, I conducted an inmate lookup thru the NYC Dept. Corruption website and it disclosed that Mr. Aaron Batista NYSID #06519797M is currently being held by the NYC Dept. of Correction in Otis Bantum Correctional Center. This inquiry was conducted in an effort to located and ascertain from Mr. Batista if all of his courtesy cards were returned to him from his arrest in February 4 and 5 of
Throughout the nineteenth century, penology was characterized by a debate between two 'schools'. The first was the system of "solitary" and "segregation" proposed by the Pennsylvania penitentiary. The second, that of which will be discussed in this paper, the "silent" and "congregate" system was designed for the Auburn penitentiary in New York State.
The Standford Prison Experiment was designed to show the development of norms and how the socialization of the roles would proceed in the prison environment. I strongly believe that this experiment was highly unethical because the prisoners were forced to break norms that they would not have done otherwise. The guards believed that in order to maintain control in the prison, they must resort to unreasonable punishments like cleaning the toilets with their hands or be locked in confinement. I do not believe that this experiment would be able to be repeated in today's society. This experiment caused psychological problems and distress to the prisoners. The participants became their roles and lost their self control and respect. The results of
The American correctional facility system has become an industry in the past few decades. While once, it was used to correct the truly malicious and dysfunctional, now has begun to meet quotas set by contracts between state penal programs and correctional companies who privately manage the prisons and probation offices. Americans complain about crime and the expenses it costs the general public, not realizing where the problem stands. But If Americans really want to make a resolve crime problem, we need to change the penal system, amend the laws and statutes, and enforce ethics in the legal system.
My experience working in a prison as a Correctional Officer is one that I will never forget and that I kind of miss. When I started out on my own in my own pod I would size the inmates up, and they would size me up. I would quickly learn that prison was operated like a street gang. When the gang bosses, also known as OG’s (original gangsters) would take a shower, they had bodyguards from their gang or a sister gang guard the shower door for them while they shower. They were treated like VIP’s. As officers, we did not allow this to happen, so therefore we had to stop them from doing this. One method we used was pod lockdown. If they were scared to shower without a bodyguard, then we locked down the entire pod and told them they all will be escorted to the showers. Since they paid their bodyguards in soups, we would tell them that it would cost them their chow. Now we didn’t take their chow away, we just delayed their chow time some. We also found that
Any time a person commits a crime and gets caught, consequences are applied and they are held accountable. Committing crime violates social and legal rules and the effects can follow them for a lifetime. Although people pay the price for committing varies crime in correctional facilities, most of the time other programs are needed to be taken into consideration. Sentencing someone to prison can also suppresses the criminal behavior, feelings, and does not address the offenders criminogenic needs, hence why programing services are so important. When an offender serves their time and participates in programs it reduces the likely hood of them committing offences in the future. Programs such as anger management, therapy, and rehab can help repair
60 inmates were divided into 3 groups with different conditions. There were each 20 inmates in one group. All three groups were asked to take the Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale Test before the experiment to measure their depression levels. One group was a control group which there were no music played at all in their cell, just like the original condition of solitary confinement. For the other two groups, speakers were placed for each cell, so music could be played in their cell. Inmates in these two groups were first asked to name their favorite artists and the type of music they like listening to. Based on their answers, their individual playlists were made. Every inmate had their own unique playlists based on their taste of music. No
I offered my support and willingly volunteered to attend Bedford Prison in order to assist OMU with the release of a PPO. My reasons for this were due to him being a prolific burglar and I wanted a first handed insight into why he committed so much crime. Building rapport whilst in a ‘neutral environment’, I listened when he spoke and clarified my understanding by asking questions such as ‘why target that house’. I developed positive working relationships by consulting with Paradigm housing, CRI, Horizons Projects and Probation amongst others, to re-integrate the PPO back into the community. Although he did not stay crime free for long, I knew that this was a role I would very much like to do.
Your paper was interesting, to begin, you mentioned that correctional facilities are severing the purpose that mental health hospital can no longer provide. In my opinion, considering the fact that we have discussed similar situations involving mental disorders and their characteristics. The source of funding has depleted over the years due to the increase of treatment cost, staff retention, and staff recruiting; also the increasing amount of new cases of disorders that are discovered either after a crime has been committed or once incarcerated.