Observational And Social Learning Theory Essay

899 WordsJun 9, 20164 Pages
Critical Thinking Activity #1: Observational/Social Learning Theory The purpose of this paper is to discuss the validity of the Observational/Social Learning Theory. I will investigate what the observational/social learning theory is and its use in an everyday classroom environment. I will also relate this learning theory to any relevant Saint Leo core values. What is the observational/social learning theory? The observational learning theory, sometimes called the social learning theory, states that an individual can learn by observing another person’s (i.e. model) behavior or actions. “An observer’s behavior can be affected by the positive or negative consequences–called vicarious reinforcement or vicarious punishment– of a model’s behavior” (Funderstanding.com, 2011). In order for observational learning to occur, four process must take place: attention, retention, production and motivation. The observer must pay attention to the model’s behavior (attention); retain the behavior in memory (retention); be able to produce the behavior them self (production); and have a reason to want to copy the model’s behavior (motivation). The evidence of the validity of the observational/social learning theory can be found in the research of Albert Bandura. Albert Bandura conducted a series of experiments known as the “Bobo doll” studies. In these experiments, he was able to show that children’s behavior was changed by watching how others acted toward the bobo doll. After watching a
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