Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) Essay

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Several mental health disorders are brought on due to both psychological and biological problems. Many of these are anxiety or behavioral disorders. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is one of these disorders that is an issue in both anxiety and behavioral issues. Its causes may be psychological, biological, or, in most cases, both. Many studies have been conducted on OCD and show that it is a complex disorder with many different symptoms. There have been treatments and medications to help reduce the symptoms and help people to overcome the disorder. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder is an anxiety disorder that causes a great deal of stress to people suffering from it, however with proper treatment it’s sufferers can live a healthy,…show more content…
Many times these subsets can combine, causing additional stress and anxiety to the sufferer. The causes for Obsessive Compulsive Disorder are by problems in neuroanatomy and neurochemistry (Stein, 2002). Recent studies involving brain imaging have shown that abnormalities are found in patients with OCD (Stein, 2002). These abnormalities include “decreased volume or increased grey matter in cortico-striatal-thalamic-cortical circuits” (Stein, 2002). The frontal orbito-striatal area and the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex have been shown to the inhibition of planning, organization, and verification, leading researchers to believe that these regions of the brain play a part in obsessive compulsive disorder (Abramowitz, Taylor, & McKay, 2009). It is also shown that the serotonin system may cause OCD (Stein, 2002). This was first realized after an antidepressant called clomipramine, which is a serotonin reuptake inhibitor, was found effective in treatments of the disorder (Stein, 2002). Hypersensitivity of the postsynaptic serotonin receptor is associated with obsessive
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