Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

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Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is a disorder that can affect children and adults. In order to fully understand OCD, many different areas of the disorder must be reviewed. First, OCD will be defined and the diagnosis criteria will be discussed. Secondly the prevalence of the disorder will be considered. The different symptoms, behaviors and means of treatment are also important aspects that will be discussed in order to develop a clearer understanding of the implications of obsessive compulsive disorder.
Diagnosis Criteria of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder:
When discussing the diagnosis of OCD one should consider two parts of the definition. The first part of the disorder is obsessive which is described by the DSM as
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“For many years, OCD was thought to be rare. Some recent studies show that as many as 3 million Americans ages 18 to 54 may have OCD at any one time. This is about 2.3% of the people in this age group. OCD affects men and women equally” (familydoctor.org, 2008, how common section, para.1). OCD has increased throughout the past years of study. “Although OCD was once considered a rare condition, recent research suggests that as many as 1% of the population under 18 shows signs of this disorder” (Rynn, 2008, OCD section, para. 2). According to Mental Health, “Estimates of prevalence range from 0.2 to 0.8 percent in children, and up to 2% of adolescents (Flament et al., 1998)” (Mental Health, 2001, OCD section, para.1)). According to Anxiety Disorders, “As many as one in 100 children may suffer from OCD. The peak for diagnosis of OCD in children is ten years old, although it can strike children as young as two or three. Boys are more likely to develop OCD before puberty, while girls tend to develop it during adolescence, when the numbers become even. OCD tends to occur in families (Anxiety Disorder, 2008). “Community studies of children and adolescents have estimated a lifetime prevalence of 1%-2.3% and a 1-year prevalence of 0.7%. Research indicates that prevalence rates of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder are similar in many different cultures around the world” (DSM, 2000,
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