Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) Essay

1328 Words6 Pages
I have never nor do I know anyone who suffers from Obsession-Compulsive Disorder. When I first began my research, I didn’t know what to expect. I have now found that O.C.D. is more common than I originally thought. We meet and talk to people of all walks of life and see only what the other person wants to see. Most people are secretive, shameful and hide their illness. Some people with O.C.D. are aware of their condition and others know that something is different about them. Before we can discuss O.C.D. we must also discuss depression and anxiety. Both of these are some resultants and signs of O.C.D. Signs of depression would be a person who might be telling themselves “I am a failure” or “My future doesn’t look good and is not going…show more content…
Compulsions are undesired actions that are done multiple times to temporarily relieve the anxiety. O.C.D causes emotional discomfort and consumes small or large amounts of time. In the mid 1900’s, people thought O.C.D. to be a rare disease because of researchers estimated that .05% (1 out of 2000) of the United States population had it. By late 1970’s another estimate was done, .32% (3 out of 1000) of the population were said to have the disorder. Twenty years later, we have now estimated that 2.5% (1 out of 40) of the reporting population has been diagnosed or is being treated for O.C.D.
Causes of O.C.D. are abnormalities in specific parts of the brain, environmental factors, and in part O.C.D. is a genetic disorder. The factor that turns on the gene is unknown. The Serotonergic Theory indicates that they have enough serotonin but that it is not available as it needs to be for certain brain communications to take place. The process is that reuptake occurs prematurely so the proper electrical transmission between the nerve cells doesn’t happen. When this takes place simultaneously at multiple nerve junctions, it creates brain dysfunction. Triggers can be internal and external. Internal triggers are emotions, P.M.S., fatigue and injuries. Some external triggers are new job, new marriages, new homes, divorces, arguments and money problems.
There are many different types of obsessions and compulsions. Examples of obsessions would be Aggressive, Sexual,
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