Obsessive Compulsive Disorder ( Ocd )

1807 Words Nov 12th, 2014 8 Pages
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder(OCD), according to the American Psychiatric Association, is defined as "an anxiety disorder in which time-consuming obsessions and compulsions significantly interfere with a person’s routine, making it difficult to work or to have a normal social life." (Timothy J. Bruce, Arthur E. Jongsma, Jr. pVIII)This, in layman 's terms, is simply unwanted thoughts, and actions that cause anxiety, impairment, or distress on the job, in relationships and in society. The most common types of OCD (Ian Osborn 1998) are categorized by: Checking, which refers to an intrusive thought that if one does not check, for example, stove knobs, or if the lights are off, that something bad may occur. This leads one to the compulsion to check such things, and in doing so relieves the anxiety one may have about the irrational fear, and "prevents something bad from happening". Next is contamination, which is the fear that illness or contamination will eventually lead to severe illness or death of oneself or loved one. In order to relax such fears, people with Contamination OCD reputedly clean, and wash in order to prevent illness or death. There is also the fear of harming oneself or others. This is the idea that one suffering from this subtype of OCD have a pathological fear that they possess the ability to harm oneself or a loved one, and in order to prevent such a thing, one would act out certain rituals or compulsions. Religious obsessions, this is the overabundance of…
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