Obsessive Compulsive Disorder ( Ocd )

1429 WordsNov 2, 20156 Pages
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a psychiatric illness that is characterized by two traits: obsessions and compulsions (Storch et al., 2007). The obsessions are typically thoughts that are both repetitive and intrusive in nature, while the compulsions are actions performed to decrease the anxiety induced by these obsessions. OCD occurs in about 1-4% of the population and often symptoms arise in childhood and can continue throughout one’s life depending on the level of treatment received and the level of family support. Due to the distress that OCD can cause in a child, the noticeability of the obsessions and compulsions, and the fact that the obsessions and compulsions usually involve family members directly, family dynamic can be greatly affected when a child has OCD (Amir et al., 2000). Strains within a family of a child with OCD can negatively impact the child’s mental health outcome between childhood and adolescence; therefore, it is quite important that once OCD has been identified, the family should work together with the child to achieve a healthy mental state. The following studies investigated the relationship between childhood OCD and family functioning and the effects of family involvement on child developmental outcome. In order to understand these relationships, Storch et al. (2007) looked at the impact that childhood OCD had on family dynamic and how family accommodation, reassurance specifically, affected symptom intensity. Reassurance, while
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