Obstetric Analysis Essay

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A diagnosis often occurs as the result of routine screening, or when a woman approaches her doctor after detecting symptoms. Most types of breast cancer are easy to diagnose by microscopic analysis of a sample—or biopsy—of the affected area of the breast. Also, there are types of breast cancer that require specialized lab exams.
The two most commonly used screening methods, physical examination of the breasts by a healthcare provider and mammography, can offer an approximate likelihood that a lump is cancer, and may also detect some other lesions, such as a simple cyst. When these examinations are inconclusive, a healthcare provider can remove a sample of the fluid in the lump for microscopic analysis (a procedure known as fine needle
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A procedure known as fine needle aspiration, or fine needle aspiration and cytology—FNAC is used to help establish the diagnosis if tumor is malignant or begnin.

Diagnosing LCIS
LCIS is usually diagnosed after a biopsy is done on the breast for some other reason, such as an abnormal finding on a mammogram or a suspicious breast lump. These biopsy procedures may include the following:
• Fine needle aspiration biopsy: A very small, hollow needle is inserted into the breast. A sample of cells is removed and examined under the microscope. This method leaves no scars.
• Core needle biopsy: A larger needle is inserted to remove several bigger samples of tissue from the area that looks suspicious. In order to get the core needle through the skin, the surgeon must make a tiny incision. This leaves a very tiny scar that is barely visible after a few weeks.
• Incisional biopsy: Incisional biopsy removes a small piece of tissue for examination.
• Excisional biopsy: Excisional biopsy attempts to remove the entire suspicious lump of tissue from the
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