"Ode to a Nightingale" and "To Autumn" by John Keats.

1611 Words Jul 31st, 2003 7 Pages
Romanticism is a movement in literature that came as a result of a revolt against the previous period "Classicism". John Keats was an English poet who became one of the most important Romantic poets. William Wordsworth, another significant figure during Romanticism, described it as "liberalism in literature', meaning the artist was free from restraints and rules, and was encouraged to write about his/her own experiences, rather than being a passive narrator praising an event or person. Romanticism emphasizes on passion rather than reason, imagination rather than logic, and intuition rather than science. The Romantics were drawn to the medieval past, myths and legends, supernatural being, and nature.

Keats led a very tragic life. His poems
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However, this ode is different in rhyme and rhythm. The first seven and the last two lines of each stanza are written in iambic pentameter, the eighth line of each stanza has only three accented syllables instead of five. The rhyme scheme is the same in every stanza: ABABCDECDE.

Synaesthesia is a poetic device where a thing associated with one sense is described in terms of another. It can be found in stanza II: wine is being described as "draught of vintage", it tastes of flowers and the country green (normally associated with sight and smell), dance (movement), song (sound), and sunburn and mirth (feel and touch). Synaesthesia can also be found in stanza V where the "coming musk-rose" (touch and smell) is associated with "dewy wine" (taste).

Keats uses alliteration to convey the tone and personification to dramatize the poem. Hippocrene (wine of poetic inspiration) is described as blushful, with "beaded bubbles winking at the brim". The alliteration of 'b' sounds conveys energy and suggests fuzzy champagne. The repetition of soft sounds in "fade away into the forest dim" leads us to stanza III where the first three words "Fade far away" has the repetition of 'a' sounds, this lengthens and makes the tone subdued and melancholy. The alliteration of "fever and the fret" is followed by a series of phrases beginning with "Where", this emphasizes the fact all these problems are associated with the mortal world. Beauty