Odysseus: Man of Many Traits

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Odysseus, the ruler of the island kingdom of Ithaca, was known by all for his cleverness and cunning, but what I noticed throughout my readings of Odysseus is that he is also shows some weaknesses at times. I will discuss examples of each of these prevalent traits throughout this essay.
Throughout The Odyssey, Odysseus is driven to many wanderings during which he sees many wonders and endures many sufferings. Part of Homer’s theme in The Odyssey is the vicissitudes that have promoted Odysseus’s various character traits.
He can be clever, as seen when he tricks Polyphemus by calling himself “nobody”. ..
“So, you ask me the name I’m known by, Cyclops? / I will tell you. But you must give me a guest-gift / as you’ve promised.
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If we actually think about how things first began, it is a search for glory and riches that causes Odysseus to ever leave home to start with.
Though he is a great hero, Odysseus exhibits many weaknesses during his journey home to Ithaca. Homer was easily able to integrate these weaknesses because all humans can relate to his problems and can learn from what Odysseus had to go through. We relate to the fact that no matter how strong and cunning and brave this hero may be, nobody is perfect.
Odysseus’ excessive pride and overconfidence get him into trouble with the gods, Zeus and Poseidon. His impulsive ways get him into trouble with the Cyclops, Polythemus. He humiliates the Cyclops without thinking about the consequences. Odysseus calls from the boat to Polythemus,
“So, Cyclops, no weak coward it was whose crew / you bent to devour there in your vaulted cave- / you with your brute force! Your filthy crimes / came down on your own head, you shameless cannibal, / daring to eat your guests in your own house- / so Zeus and the other gods have paid you back!” (9.531-536.)
His taunts anger the Cyclops so much that he hurls rock toward the voice and nearly sends the group of men to their death. Though the taunting has obviously proved to be a bad idea, and though his crew has begged him not to say another word, Odysseus must have the last word. He
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