One of the major themes of Homer’s Odyssey is the importance of cunning over strength. This also happens to be the case with Odysseus and his long ten year journey home from fighting in Troy. Odysseus uses his intelligence over strength to ‘fight’ through tough times and bring himself home to Ithaca. Odysseus uses his intelligence when he has his men tie him down while passing the Sirens, so he himself will be able to hear their beautiful song, but not be entranced by their singing. He also uses cunning to escape from the Cyclops’ cave without being harmed. He then uses his cunning by storing away all of the armory, shields, and knives from the suitors so he is able to kill them easily.
Although Odysseus is one of the most well known greek heros in the world, he is also very controversial among the people as well. In the book, “The Odyssey” written by Homer, Odysseus made some choices that makes the readers question his role as a leader. In “The Odyssey”, it tells the story about Odysseus’ long journey home from the Trojan War. Along the way, Odyssey has extended his times away from home by making unintelligent decisions that led him to encounter one disaster after another. Although Odysseus has some positive attributes, he is a poor leader for the following reasons: he is too cocky and overconfident, he make careless decision, and finally, he is very selfish.
On his journey home from the war, Odysseus faces many hardships, which ultimately drive him to be a better leader and person. Odysseus is motivated by victory and exhibits strength, skill, determination, courage, nobility, a thirst for glory, as well as confidence in his authority. He seems to live by these tactics as well as his courage.
In homer's Odyssey the main character Odysseus is a person who only tries to help himself. Although he earns the trust of his men while in Troy, he loses it on his perilous journey home. Many times in the epic he manipulates others, commits foolish acts and is full of hubris. He tries to take shortcuts and as a result of this is men are killed and his boats destroyed. He plays with the lives of his men and he is punished for it. Odysseus is not a hero because, he is foolish, lacks faithfulness and is consumed by his Hubris and selfishness.
In Epic Poem “The Odyssey” Odysseus is the protagonist. Odysseus’ over-the-top ego caused him to lose his men and his son’s childhood, but taught him a valuable lesson about humility. The Odyssey, written by Homer, tells the story of Odysseus and how he faced misfortune in his attempts to return home after the Trojan War. Odysseus is not famous for his great strength or bravery, but for his ability to deceive and trick. To his friends, he was a brilliant strategist. To his enemies, he was a deceiver and a manipulator of the worst kind.
Around the 1200 B.C., Odysseus was sailing the Mediterranean Sea for the purpose of reaching home. In his long narrative poem, The Odyssey, Homer conveys how Odysseus desperately wishes to go home to Ithaca. However, he faces brutal treatment and obstacles from several different antagonists, and more obstacles appear when he reaches home. Odysseus came across many external conflicts, which he dealt with intelligence, determination, and loyalty.
Whenever people hear the word “hero”, they portray in their minds a perfect person, who always choose the correct decisions, and saves many people; but not all heroes demonstrate a flawless life and deserve the title hero. In the great epic poem by Homer, Odyssey, Odysseus embodies the classic hero quality Greek culture respects—bravery and intelligence. Many readers admire Odyssey’s heroic qualities, ignoring the fact Odyssey also had weaknesses. While the readers could focus on the triumphs and accomplishments of Odysseus, Odysseus has done wrongs. Despite those great hero traits Odysseus embodies, he demonstrates great weaknesses humans have in common—pride, irresponsibility toward his crews, and revengeful heart, these flaws ultimately brought demise and trouble to his men and himself, which constantly reminds the audience that Homer represents Odysseus as another human, rather than a hero.
“Are you flesh and blood, Odysseus, to endure more than a man can? Do you never tire? God, look at you, iron is what you’re made of” (12.162-164). In the epic poem, The Odyssey by Homer, the focus is on the journey of Odysseus, the island of Ithaca’s king, after he defeated the Trojans in a war that spanned ten years. He travels far and wide in an attempt to get home to his wife and son, but is repeatedly blocked from doing so by gods, nymphs, and monsters alike. He’s a skilled warrior that fears next to nothing and this poem follows him as he uses these facts to his advantage. Odysseus is persuasive and clever and refuses to shy away from a challenge that requires either one of these characteristics.
Throughout The Odyssey, the audience often feels sympathy for Odysseus and his men: our idealistic minds want to root for the long lost king to make it home to his true love and his kingdom. His return home takes priority in our minds, causing us to root for the fall of anyone and anything that may come in between him and his happy ending. At a closer glance, however, it seems that Homer does not want us to blindly root for the human adventurers. It may be his intention to reveal the humanity and redeeming qualities of the so-called monsters in the epic. In Book 12, lines 251 to 256 of his epic, Homer demonstrates this point with the following simile, describing sea monster, Skylla, capturing six of Odysseus’ men out of their ship:
The overconfidence of Odysseus, consumed with pride for past successes, evokes anger in the reader and causes them to understand the importance of humility in a world that has gone far but still has far to go. Having defeated Polyphemus, a cyclops, through clever cunning, Odysseus proclaims, “‘Cyclops—if any man on the face of the earth should ask you who blinded you, shamed you so—say Odysseus, raider of
1. Odysseus kept his true identity from Telemachus at first, because he did not want Eumaeus to know about his return. Since he would be likely be killed if the suitors found out about his return, he wanted as few people as possible to know about his homecoming. He did not tell his wife, Penelope, about his return, because one of the workers in the palace could share this information with the suitors.
For the last eight or nine years we have been hearing about a disorder that is new. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a mental health condition that's triggered by a terrifying event — either experiencing it or witnessing it. Symptoms may include flashbacks, nightmares and severe anxiety, as well as uncontrollable thoughts about the event. Odysseus developed (PTSD) after coming back home, he developed (PTSD) by remembering and witnessing he’s comrades die.
In The Odyssey Homer develops three themes throughout his second epic. He shows that Odysseus acts uncivilized because of the war, wreaks vengeance against those who have taken over his home, and eventually enjoys his homecoming. Throughout his epic, Homer shows the themes of uncivilized men, vengeance, and homecoming through Odysseus’s experiences with Polyphemus the Cyclops, the suitors who invade his home, and his wife Penelope.
As society advances, bountiful situations have occurred that could be examined in multiple point of views. There are countless dilemmas of all sorts of fields such as religion, biodiversity, mythology, and inequality. These certain readings focus on a more mythological creature called a cyclops. Jacob Jordaens defines these individuals appearance to be sophisticated and compassionate, with fragments of civility displayed through bits and pieces. Whereas Homer establishes an animal that is corrupted, foolish, with the craving for slaughter and barbarity. While the art piece “Odysseus in the Cave” exhibits the cyclops as civilized and humble, The Cyclops renders them to be savages with an inhuman attitude.
Odysseus was gone for a very long time. The wooers had thought that Odysseus had died a long time ago. The wooers raped his servants, ate his sheep, and drank his wine. They were basically thieves. Odysseus took his revenge by emasculating the suitors by being the only one to string his bow and shoot his arrow through the axes. Odysseus killed every last one of them.