Odyssey Archetypes

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Archetypes in Ancient Greek Culture Archetypes can be found in all kinds of stories. From adventurous heroes who save the world to scary monsters who bash out brains, common patterns are found in many stories. Archetypes are a broad range of subjects that are used to compare patterns of behavior. Readers can compare their everyday lives to archetypes they encounter in literature. The use of archetypes in The Odyssey help modern readers understand Ancient Greek culture. Some archetypes used in The Odyssey are the hero, the monster/villain, and the idea of temptation. The Odyssey was written as an epic poem in Ancient Greece by a man named Homer. Homer uses archetypes to help readers compare their culture to the culture of Ancient Greeks. One archetype Homer uses in The Odyssey is the role of the hero. A hero is “an individual who has the courage of conviction to perform feats that benefit the general populace, acts as a soldier of virtue, and has an altruistic spirit that urges him or her to act against evil and defend the greater good at all costs,” (Harris 1). The traits of heroes can vary throughout stories and cultures, but most still contain similar traits. Most heroes are brave, indestructible, tested throughout each stage of their journey, show humility, and accept their own imperfections. One example of a hero that falls under this archetype is Odysseus from The Odyssey. Odysseus shows heroism in many ways throughout the story. One example of his heroism is when he brought his crew to safety after encountering the cyclops. Odysseus came up with a plan to make a weapon that would blind the cyclops, Polyphemus, so that he would not be able to see Odysseus and his crew escape. Odysseus’ trickery was also an example of his heroism because it showed how clever he was. Odysseus was able to trick Polyphemus into thinking his name was “Nohbdy” so that him and his crew would be able to get away unnoticed by the cyclop’s friends. When the other cyclops check up on Polyphemus and ask why he is making so much noise, he can only answer, “Nohbdy, Nohbdy’s tricked me Nohbdy’s ruined me!” (Homer 571). This causes his friends to go away, and Odysseus’ crew is not spotted. Odysseus also showed good leadership

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