Oedipus The Allegory Of The Cave

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Outside the Cave
One’s perception of reality can depend on what others project upon them. In Plato’s “Allegory of the Cave” there is a cave where are prisoners are kept who are chained by their feet and neck so they are only be able to stare at a wall in front of them. Behind the prisoners is a fire in order for puppeteers to cast shadows of objects upon the wall. The prisoners perceive the shadows as reality and never see the true nature of the projected images. In “Oedipus the King”, by Sophocles, Oedipus like the prisoners has shadows of reality projected on his cave wall. In the play of “Oedipus the King”, Oedipus, the new ruler of Thebes, receives the task to find the murderer of Laius, the former king. Throughout the course of the play, Oedipus learns of a prophecy and his inevitable fate. The prophecy states he will marry his mother and kill his father. Though he tries to deny his fate, he is lead to his inescapable downfall by being blinded and exiled from Thebes. In the play Oedipus is innocent, but the gods have predetermined his fate by manipulating what he perceives as …show more content…

During the play, Oedipus tells the story of how he first discovered the prophecy and how he ran away after learning he would kill his father, Polybus, who is actually his adoptive father : “… he revealed in answer; / … That I should kill the father who begot me / When I heard this response, Corinth I fled…” (764, 767-768). He does this, because he thought Polybus was his father so he ran away in an effort of assuring he would not kill Polybus. However, Oedipus ended up being closer to where his real father was located, which lead to him unknowingly meeting his father and eventually killing him. Similar to the prisoners in the cave, Oedipus cannot see the truth that resides beyond his false perceptions of reality. His ignorance to what is real leads him to further fulfilling the

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