Oedipus the King by Sophocles

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Sophocles’ play, Oedipus the King, has risen many questions concerning the main character and whether or not he acts on free will or if his future is predestined by the gods. I am going to test the theory that although Oedipus believes he is acting on his own free will, he is in fact a victim of the gods. I will analyze several different sources that discuss fate and human agency in Oedipus the King and then proceed to build my original argument on the archaic debate.
There has been a great deal of criticism on the topic of fate versus human agency in Oedipus the King. In 1968, Herbert Weil Jr. argued that Oedipus cannot be labeled as “innocent” due to ignorance as many scholars have tried to claim. Weil discusses how both Oedipus and Laius were told the truth directly from the oracle and any ignorance seen from either character would therefore be self-willed. Weil is also the only source I could locate that points out how Oedipus claims to not believe or rely on oracles. However, when the city of Thebes is plagued and the priest requests that someone be sent to the oracle at Delphi, Oedipus reveals that he has already sent Creon to visit the prophet. This scene reveals to the audience that although Oedipus proclaims that all prophecies are false, he still relies on the oracles enough to turn to them during Thebes’ plague (Weil).
Laszlo Versényi is the author of “Oedipus: Tragedy of Self-Knowledge”. Versényi states,
“The play is a tragedy not of divine fate but of human

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