Of Sigmund Freud And Erikson's Five Psychoosexual Stages Of Development
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Over the past century, psychology has been an academic and social science which seeks to understand the study of human development, which has been hypothesized by various psychological schools of thought.. A significant contributor to the study of human development was Sigmund Freud, who theorized the five psychosexual stages of development. Erik Erikson, a developmental psychologist and psychoanalyst, taken after the strides of freud yet to a degree, couldn't help contradicting his five psychosexual stages and proposed his eight psychosocial stages of development.
Sigmund Freud, the founder of psychoanalysis, was a psychologist, a physiologist and an influential thinker of the early twentieth century (Thornton, 2017). Freud’s early work with neurotic patients, persuaded that ones early life is exceptionally based on personality development (Slee, Campbell, & Spears, 2012). According to Slee, Campbell, & Spears (2012), Freud’s inceptive writings were viewed as over the top as a result of his emphasis on the sexuality of children. He then introduced the concept of libido, which is…show more content… Erikson thus chose to propose three more stages to show development occurrence over an entire lifespan of human development, which shows Erikson’s belief in personality growth (McLeod, 2013).
The first four stages of the psychosexual and psychosocial stages of development, have similarities as well as contradictions. In the first stages, Freud’s Oral stage and Erikson’s Trust vs. Mistrust, show a similar basis of trust. These stages are comparable because Erikson believed that the failure to develop trust between an infant and the caregiver may result in untrustworthiness towards themselves and the world (Shaffer, 2009), which is similar to the oral aggressive personality