Offender's Tenedencies of Denial their Convicted Status
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Offenders try to neutralize the status deprivation that a criminal conviction will bring, which according to Benson brings some similarities about conventional crime and WCC. First is denial of responsibility, they believe they did not have any other choice. Act was beyond individual control. Second is denial of injury. They believe that behaviour does not really cause any great harm, even if illegal. Third is denial of victim. Injury is not wrong in light of the circumstances. Fourth is condemnation of the condemners, if everyone does it, why can I not do it? And last is appeal to higher loyalties. They sacrifice the demands of the large society for the demands of other groups (Benson, 1985). Even though conventional criminals and WCC criminals do not come from the same background and the same fundamentals they both have a goal and that is to achieve power.
Robert K. Merton developed the structural strain theory which focuses on the traces of deviance that are caused by the gap between cultural goals and how available those goals are to be achieved, in other worlds the ‘American dream’. Merton uses this theory to explain the changes, when an individual feels disconnected with normal norms. He believes that in all cases from conventional crime to WCC the crime is motivated and it is not natural. For that reason he says that there are five adaptations that conventional crime and WCC criminals adapt in result of committing a crime. They are: conformist, innovator, ritualism,