Offer and Acceptance

4015 WordsNov 30, 201117 Pages
Offer and acceptance | Contract law | Part of the common law series | Contract formation | Offer and acceptance · Mailbox rule Mirror image rule · Invitation to treat Firm offer · Consideration | Defenses against formation | Lack of capacity Duress · Undue influence Illusory promise · Statute of frauds Non est factum | Contract interpretation | Parol evidence rule Contract of adhesion Integration clause Contra proferentem | Excuses for non-performance | Mistake · Misrepresentation Frustration of purpose · Impossibility Impracticability · Illegality Unclean hands · Unconscionability Accord and satisfaction | Rights of third parties | Privity of contract Assignment · Delegation Novation · Third party…show more content…
This can be something as simple as raising an eyebrow or wearing a certain color t-shirt. It can be contrasted with a bilateral contract, where there is an exchange of promises between two parties. In Australian Woollen Mills Pty Ltd v. The Commonwealth (1954), the High Court of Australia held that, for a unilateral contract to arise, the promise must be made "in return for" the doing of the act. The court distinguished between a unilateral contract and a conditional gift. The case is generally seen to demonstrate the connection between the requirements of offer and acceptance, consideration and intention to create legal relations. Invitations to treat An invitation to treat is not an offer, but an indication of a person 's willingness to negotiate a contract. In Harvey v. Facey[4], an indication by the owner of property that he or she might be interested in selling at a certain price, for example, has been regarded as an invitation to treat. Similarly in Gibson v Manchester City Council[5] the words "may be prepared to sell" were held to be a notification of price and therefore not a distinct offer, though in another case concerning the same change of policy (Manchester City Council underwent a change of political control and stopped the sale of council houses to their tenants) Storer v. Manchester City Council[6], the court held that an agreement was completed by the tenant 's signing and returning the
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