Oil Drilling in the Arctic

1013 WordsNov 15, 20055 Pages
The Coastal Plain of the Arctic Refuge is one of America's last great wilderness areas. It is home to many animals such as polar bears, wolves, and grizzly bears, caribou herds, snow geese, musk oxen, and dozens of other species. If your oil companies keep drilling in the Arctic, most of these beautiful creatures will die, and some will become extinct. The Coastal Plain is home to these animals. Annually, a herd of 129,000 caribou gather on the Coastal Plain to bear and nurse their young. Polar bears rely on the Coastal Plain as their most important on-land denning habitat. Musk oxen, grizzly bears, wolves, wolverines, foxes, golden eagles, and snowy owls gather here to hunt and den. In the fall, the Coastal Plain supports up to 300,000…show more content…
Oil is very important in our world. But we should be able to come up with some alternate methods of getting oil, or even better, alternate resources. There has already been an alternate way to produce oil already invented. This process is known as the Fischer-Tropsch process, which converts coal into crude oil. It was a concept pioneered in Nazi Germany when imports of petroleum were restricted due to war, and Germany found a method to extract oil from coal. It was known as Ersatz ("substitute" in German), and accounted for nearly half the total oil used in WWII by Germany. However, the process was used only as a last resort as naturally occurring oil was much cheaper. As crude oil prices increase, the cost of coal to oil conversion becomes comparatively cheaper. The method involves converting high ash coal into synthetic oil in a multistage process. Ideally, a ton of coal produces nearly 200 liters of crude, with by-products ranging from tar to rare chemicals. The solution to America's energy problems will be found in American ingenuity, not more oil. We need to reduce our reliance on oil, and invent cleaner, renewable forms of power that will be just as effective as oil. We already have many of the tools we need to accomplish this. For example, Detroit has the technology right now to produce high-performance hybrid cars, trucks and SUVs. If America made the transition to these more efficient vehicles, far more oil would be saved
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