Offshore drilling has become an essential part of today’s oil production and demand for energy. With the growth of population comes the increasing demand for oil. The oil industry today, is one of the most used providers of energy. Today in the 20th century the majority of the population in
On August 28, 1859, George Bissell and Edwin L. Drake found oil in oil creek Pennsylvania. Oil did not become popular (or a major industry) until the late 1800’s. It was still a great improvement and (in today's time) one of the most important advancements all-time It is important because most everything that is in the world requires oil in order to run properly. Oil fuel our airplanes, cars, and trucks, to heat our homes, and to make products like medicines and plastics. It pollutes our environment. It causes danger to plants and animals d spilled. When the oil spilled n the sea, it caused tremendous danger to the sea animals. Oil helps because after being distilled it causes tarry residue which helps road surfacing, and for roofing. When
The process of making synthetic crude oil requires an enormous amount of water, especially in the separation process. Each barrel of oil requires two tons of oil sands and up to five barrels of hot water. Water is also needed along with electricity to convert it steam. The steam is pushed by steam injections making bitumen less viscous. It is quite evident that oil sands are not practical in terms of its process. Also three-quarters of the bitumen can be recovered from the sands, leaving behind 25% as waste. With the technology in our present society, oil sands are not entirely practical in terms of efficiency; however, in the future, this may change. To reflect, there are many disadvantages associated with oil sands, especially in the way it is processed.
Alberta’s Crude Oil Resources What is crude oil? Crude oil is found trapped in the underground rock; it is a natural occurring mixture of hydrocarbon compounds, cause from dead marine life and vegetation from millions of years ago. These materials had died and settled on the bottoms of streams, lakes, and oceans; where sediment had then covered this thick layer of organic materials, which applied heat and cooked this layer of materials to form what we now extract from the ground as petroleum.
Oil is made into many different products –The products include gasoline, diesel fuel, aviation or jet fuel, home heating oil, oil for ships and oil to burn in power plants to make electricity. Oil is used for transportation – cars, planes, trucks, buses and motorcycles.
When most of us think about oil, we tend to think about heating oil for the furnace and about the gasoline and diesel fuel that keeps our cars and trucks on the road. What most of us don 't realize, however, is that oil does more than just fuel our vehicles and keep us warm in winter. It has become the foundation upon which our entire modern civilization has been built. Recently, that foundation has begun to develop some cracks and has become a little shakier than it used to be, as cheap oil and natural gas become harder to find and acquire. Even if we were to develop a new source of energy and a more fuel-efficient car today, without oil, modern civilization as we have come to know it is still in deep trouble.
The Damage Humans Cause Exploiting the Earth for Their Own Conveniences As humans continually exploit the earth for their own conveniences they become increasingly aware of the damage they cause. In the last 30 years the population has begun to notice just how serious the problem is and as a result great efforts have been put into amending the environment from our technological follies. Since the use of fossil fuels causes 70% of the earth's air pollution it's only logical that the human race must restrict the use of oil (Exploring Alternative Fuels) One of the main reason that fossil fuels are extracted from the earth is to provide oil for the propulsion of transportation vehicles. Scientist and researchers realized that oil is
Oil Companies and Economic Power Introduction In the modern world energy has become very important since it helps drive most industrial as well as home based activities. The process that leads to production of the world’s largest energy provider, Oil, however has continued to receive criticism. This is so since production of Gasoline, Natural Gas, Kerosene as well as other components present in crude oil leads to some forms of environmental pollution. This has led to devastating climatic changes around the world which has in turn led to loss of lives and property. In the course of transporting crude oil to refinery stations, cases of oil spillages into oceans and other water bodies occur. The result is water pollution as well as death of
Kerosene and Gasoline are energy sourcing fuels that are distilled from crude oil. Crude oil is raw material consisting of many hydrocarbons, particularly 84-87% of carbon, 12-14% of hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen and sulphur (1-2%) (Simanzhenkov, 2003 ) Page 4. It’s formed from fossil remains obtained from reservoir’s thousands of feet
Got Gas? Oil is defined as “any of numerous unctuous combustible substances that are liquid or can be liquefied easily on warming, are soluble in ether but not in water, and leave a greasy stain on paper or cloth” (Merriam Webster Online Dictionary), but the United States of America knows it better as their source of transportation. Oil has many uses, but oil main use is for fuel in motor vehicles. Oil is found thousands of miles below the earth’s crust and is drilled for in many locations. When oil is found after it is drilled it called crude oil (existing in a natural state and unaltered by cooking or processing) (Merriam Webster Online Dictionary). Crude oil is not usable in motor vehicles so it has to be refined. Once the oil has been
Industry Analysis Oil & Gas Industry Overview What is the oil industry? The oil industry, made up of both oil and gas is also known as the energy industry. On a personal level, “oil and gas provides the world 's 7 billion people with 60 percent of their daily energy needs. The other 40 percent comes from coal, nuclear and hydroelectric power, solar and tidal power, and biomass products such as firewood (Petroleum Online, 2014).”
B. Second I will explain the extraction of the oil from the ground. C. Finally, I will explain the oil refinery operations and processes, the how the oil becomes raw martials.
1.1 INTRODUCTION The modern refinery, the petroleum distillation, appeared in 1862 when Benjamin Jr.’s research showed that 50% of the new Pennsylvania Rock Oil can be distillates into first-rate burning oil, kerosene and paraffin oil and, and the other 40% can be used for another purpose, such as lubrication. In
CRUDE OIL Crude oil is a flammable liquid found in subterranean deposits and best known for its use as a fuel and as a raw material for chemical products.
We need oil because it burns to produce energy. We use it to run a vehicle, to heat a building, and to produce electric power in a generator. My family use it for our car which is important because our car gets us to school, my mother to work, and my sisters to their school activities. Oil is also used as a raw material to create products such as plastics, and hundreds of other intermediate goods. Those goods include; paint for houses, carpets, trash bags, and tool boxes. Some other materials that are made from oils are hair coloring, nail polish, shampoo, and vitamin capsules. One of the main types of oils we use everyday is gasoline. Gasoline is the main petroleum product consumed in the United States. Another type of oil consumed is distillate fuel oil, which includes diesel fuel and heating oil. Diesel fuel is used in the diesel engines of heavy construction equipment, trucks, buses, tractors, boats, trains, some automobiles, and electricity generators. Heating oil, also called fuel oil, is used in boilers and furnaces to heat homes and buildings, for industrial heating, and for producing electricity. Hydrocarbon gas