Old Testament Historical Report

Decent Essays
To begin for the past one-hundred and fifty years archaeologists and historians have found very little evidence that the Israelites violently conquered the cities and nation of Canaan as depicted in the Old Testament. Other than what is written in the Old Testament, no other actual evidence exists that describes the invasion of Canaan by the Israelites in 1406BC. However, archaeological evidence and historical records does acknowledge that as a result of the collapse of the Bronze Age from 1200 to 1150BC, there was a rapid decay of most of the major cities such as Jericho, Jerusalem, Al, Hazor, Bethel and Heshbon.

During the time of 1200 to 1150BC that the name "Israel" first appeared on a stone pillar made around 1209BC. Experts of ancient
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In order to achieve this a representation of writers from the different areas became required and because of the time it took to accomplish the task writers from different times became required in order to continue and complete the writing and assembly of the Old Testament. Over the centuries many traditional biblical scholars began to notice irregularities and inconsistencies such as dates which were not correct, names that were not correct or current, stories that were duplicated, different names when referring to God, and different styles of writing. Around 1800AD, a more deliberate study of this began and now in the judgment of most contemporary biblical scholars and historians the books of Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy were written by four different sources. Known as the Documentary Hypothesis, it identifies contributions of the different sources as the Jahwist, Elohist, Priestly, Deuteronomist along with the Redactor source who edited and connected the different…show more content…
According to the recent African origin of modern humans theory these modern humans evolved in Africa from Homo-heidelbergensis, Homo-rhodesiensis or Homo-antecessor that migrated out of Africa continent around one hundred to fifty thousand years ago replacing the local populations of Homo-Erectus, Denisova-Hominins, Homo-Floresiensis and Homo-Neanderthalensis. By eleven thousand years ago the Homo Sapiens had reached the southern tip of South America which was the last of the uninhabited
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