Old Testament

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During the first century A.D. the Pharisees, Sadducees, Essenes, and the Nationalist all lived in Palestine. Something that all these groups had in common was that they were all Jewish, however, most did not identify themselves with any of these groups. Even though all these groups were jewish, their definition and perception of the messiah were all different. Each group also dealt with Roman rule differently, which cause a lot of problems. A big portion of the scribes, during the 1st century were Pharisees. The Pharisees were the on who interpreted and enforced the law, along with the traditions. According to Mark 7:5, one of the charges against Jesus, along with one of His disciples, was that that they had violated tradition (Mark…show more content…
There was conflict with the Pharisees because the Sadducees felt that their official roles in the Temple gave them the power to make official interpretations of the Law as opposed to the Pharisees lay interpretation (Robinson, 1986). The third religious party of Jews in Palestine in the 1st century were the Essenes. Within the Essenes, there were different divisions. The Qumran Essenes are best known from the Dead Sea Scrolls, which were discovered in 1947. Since the Essenes tended to be more strict that the Pharisees and did believe that some of the traditions were valid. The Essenes, along with the Pharisees, possessed a hatred towards the Romans and played a big role in the first Jewish revolt. The Essenes did not believe that the priesthood of the Sadducees was for real. Likewise, the Essenes believed that the time of the messiah was near and that after the messiah had established the new kingdom, they would be restored as legitimate priests (Robinson, 1986). The final group of people, were the Nationalist. The Nationalists tended to be very patriotic and devoted themselves to national liberty for the Jewish people. After the revolt, the were later called Zealots. The Zealot beliefs mostly aligned with the Pharisees and were believed to be an offshoot of the group. The Nationalists resisted the Roman rule of the Jews. One branch of the Zealots/Nationalists was responsible for assassinations and terrorism that was directed at the Roman

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