On-The-Job Training Essay

1178 Words 5 Pages
On-The-Job Training
Much of the usable labor market skills that workers possess are not acquired through formal schooling but rather through on-the-job training. Such training may be somewhat formal; that is, workers may undertake a struc- tural trainee program or an apprenticeship program. On the other hand, on-the-job training is often highly informal and therefore difficult to measure or even detect. Less-experienced workers often engage in ”learning by doing”; they acquire new skills simply by observing more-skilled workers, filling in for them when they are ill or on vacation, or engaging in informal conversation during coffee breaks.
1.1 Costs and Benefits
Like formal education, on-the-job training entails present
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At one extreme, general training refers to the creation of skills or characteristics that are equally usable in all firms and industries. Stated dif- ferently, general training enhances the productivity of workers to all firms.
At the other end of the continuum, specific training is training that can be used only in the particular firm that provides that training. Specific training increases the worker’s productivity only in the firm providing that training.
In practice, most on-the-job training contains elements of both general and specific training, and it is therefore difficult to offer unequivocal examples.
Nevertheless, we might venture that the capacity to concentrate on a task for reasonable period of time, to show up for work regularly and be punctual, to read, to perform simple mathematical manipulations, and to follow in- structions all constitute general training. Similarly, gaining word processing, carpentry, or accounting skills would be considered general training. Alter- natively, the ability to perform an assembly procedure unique to a firm’s products exemplified specific training. The training of personnel to answer toll-free telephone questions about a firm’s product is another example of specific training.
The distinction between general and specific training is

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