On The Spectrum. Autism Spectrum Disorder (Asd), Also Referred

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On the Spectrum Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), also referred to as “autism”, is characterized by defects in verbal and nonverbal communication, social interactions, and atypical behaviors. The word autism is from the Greek word autos which means “self”. As the name “Spectrum” suggests, the degree of severity spans a wide range and varies by each individual. Research on this disorder dates back to 1911 when Eugen Bleuler first coined the term autism while referencing patients with schizophrenia who were “socially withdrawn” (Parks 88). Every decade the amount of individuals diagnosed with ASD rises. The Centers of Disease Control estimated about 1 in 150 children have autism. But, in the past autism was seen in 4 to 5 children per 10,000…show more content…
In between these vastly different ends of the spectrum is a continuum that covers a plethora of social deficits such as making eye contact, carrying on a conversation, echoic speech, social isolation, and understanding the feelings of others around them. ASD individuals are often overly sensitive to sounds and sights and may exhibit repetitive behaviors. (Muse) People with ASD have difficulty with change and do better if a predictable routine is established and in place. Identification of autism at an early stage is recommended and allows the parents to begin interventions such as communication therapy and behavioral training to address some of the social difficulties they will be facing (Fernell 2). Currently there is not a solid reason on why autism is caused, therefore diagnosing autism at an early age is difficult. Parental input is the beginning point to diagnosing autism. Parents often communicate with their pediatrician that their child isn’t developing normally or is exhibiting stims or other unusual behaviors (Parks pg 14). With no medical test to diagnose autism, health-care professionals and schools are called upon to perform a comprehensive series of evaluations that include observation, review of developmental history, parent interview, assessments of speech and language and psychological testing. On the other hand, If parents are unaware of typical symptoms of autism, they may not refer their child for an evaluation. Although the
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