One Meridian Plaza High-Rise Fire of 1991: A Case Study

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One Meridian Plaza High-rise Fire 1991 Name Institution Professor Course Date One Meridian Plaza High-rise Fire 1991 Introduction One Meridian Plaza High-rise Fire of 1991 records the biggest non-terrorist linked high-rise fire in the American history. The fire occurred in the evening of Saturday February 1991 and it burned for approximately 19 hours. The fire started on the twenty-second floor of the thirty eight-story One Meridian Plaza in Philadelphia (US Fire Administration, 1991). The developing blaze covered eight floors resulting in the demise of three fire fighters, injuries to twenty-four firefighters and a civilian and severe destruction to the building. The fire also led to economic chaos to several business enterprises located within the building as well as to properties adjacent to the building. The fire department received preliminary call just before 8.30 p.m. On arrival at the scene, fire fighters saw heavy smoke at the mid-height of the plaza and flame expanding from one window thereby exposing the adjacent floors (US Fire Administration, 1991). A dark, thick column of smoke was evident and extended up the building faรงade towards the roof. The smoke started to vent from several additional points along the northern side of the fire starting point. The fire resulted in engagement of twelve alarms that brought fifteen ladder organizations, fifty-one engine companies and hundreds of fire suppression personnel (US Fire Administration, 1991). In the

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