One Unaccounted For Factor That Is Impacting The Level

1445 WordsMar 15, 20176 Pages
One unaccounted for factor that is impacting the level of support for redistribution in the United States is the inseparable intersection of race and gender, or rather the dominance that patriarchal and racialized norms have on influencing American’s perceptions of poverty. The majority of the current literature on the subject of American’s support/opposition to economic redistribution tends to focus on identities such as race, class, and gender as separate entities. Applying the theories of hostile/benevolent sexism and racism, I argue that analyzing intersections of identities such as race and gender in conjunction, and as interdependent, will provide a clearer picture as to why Americans are less favorable towards redistribution, and…show more content…
Discrimination/bias based on sex or race is harmful for any individual who experiences it, however it can culminate in a variety of forms, some more malevolent than others. Glick and Fiske define benevolent sexism (BS) as, “a subjectively favorable, chivalrous ideology that offers protection and affection to women who embrace conventional [gender roles]” and McMahon further defines BS to be, “better understood as a subtle and pernicious form of bias that shares the same ideological underpinnings as more openly hostile forms of sexism”. On the other hand, hostile sexism (HS), “aims to reinforce traditional gender roles and patriarchy through derogatory characterizations of women as unappreciative of and seeking to gain power over men, and [who are] manipulative with their sexuality”. Both forms of sexism are harmful to any individual who receives them, however individuals who experience BS (white women) are more likely to receive some benefit from their oppression than those who experience HS (women of color, particularly black women). In addition to BS and HS, racism also works within a similar framework of hostility and benevolence, whereby black individuals who preform their race
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