Essay on One Way of Arguing Determinism is False

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Are we free? The question of our freedom is one that many people take for granted. However, if we consider it more closely it can be questioned. The thesis of determinism is the view that every event or happening has a cause, and that causes guarantee their effects. Therefore given a cause, the event must occur and couldn’t occur in any other way than it did. Whereas, the thesis of freewill is the view that as human beings, regardless of a cause, we could have acted or willed to act differently than we did. Determinism therefore, states that the future is something that is fixed and events can only occur in one way, while freewill leaves the future open. Obviously a huge problem arises between these two theses. They cannot both be true…show more content…
As humans we want to believe we have the freedom to be in control of our beliefs, decisions and actions, however determinism makes our actions beyond our control as the causes of our actions originate from sources that lie beyond us. From the beginning of our lives our beliefs and desires have been determined by causes which we have had no control over, therefore we have no control over the outcome of the events that were determined by our very first beliefs and desires. Thus if control is what is key in freewill, indeterminism does not provide this, because it states that my actions have no causes and if my actions have no causes then how can I be in control of them? Following this we are not free whether determinism or indeterminism is true, so arguably we are not free. Since it seems that I cannot deny determinism I will now attempt to falsify freewill. It may be true that we do not have free will and that all of our actions and future actions are already determined and destined to happen. However if we didn’t have freewill, then why would we have moral and legal practices? If we are not in control of our actions then how can we be punished for them? “If everything we do is caused by earlier things that we didn’t do, how can we be morally responsible for our actions?” (Appiah: 2003: pg 365) Every day we make judgments about people because we have reason
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