Ontological And Epistemological Debate About The Nature Of The Therapeutic Relationship

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Ontological and Epistemological debates about the nature of the therapeutic relationship. ‘Existence’ and ‘Relationship’. Can these two concepts exist independently of each other without the presence of the one to be necessary for the presence of the other? Is it possible for anything to exist without being related to anything else nor being perceptible by touch? Is it possible for something to exist if it cannot be described nor being visually present, even though it brings out strong feelings and a sense of connection? Epistemologically, everything we see (people, objects, etc.) exists only in relationship to something else. As Cottone (1988,363) mentions, relationship is what we are born from, nurtured by and getting educated from. Our existence is defined within the domain of the society, and it is within society where we interact with others, socialise and satisfy our biological needs.…show more content…
From the ancient years, the relationship between two people has healing properties and is the main influence for changes in people’s lives. Especially, in counselling and psychotherapy, the relationship between client and counsellor is the most significant part of the therapeutic procedure. Many studies (Buborsky et al. 1983, O’ Maley et al. 1983, Hill 1989) illustrate that it is the therapeutic relationship more that any other factor, which determines the effectiveness of counselling therapy. Moreover, literature which reviews the way, in which clients experience the therapeutic process, indicates that the many of the client’s thoughts and feelings remain unspoken during the counselling sessions. (Dinnage, 1988, Mearns and Dryden,

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