Open Systems

Decent Essays
Why Open Systems Theory?: The open systems approach has been chosen to study the above issues because it has been commended for its potential usefulness in "synthesizing and analyzing complexity" (Simon, 1969) in "live" organizations. Comprehension of a system cannot be achieved without a constant study of the forces that impinge upon it (Katz and Kahn, 1966). Leavitt, Pinfield and Webb (1974) also recommended an open- systems approach for studying contemporary organizations which now exist in a fast-changing and turbulent environment. Ramstrom (1974) propounds increased emphasis on systems thinking to comprehend the increased interdependencies between the system and its environment, and between the various parts of the system. Classical…show more content…
its causal texture - the area of interdependencies that belong within the environment itself. In terms of Emery & Trist, L22 relations which they labelled as "turbulent field," i.e., the "interdependencies within the environment itself" comprise the "causal texture" of the field. Turbulence is characterized by complexity as well as rapidity of change in causal interconnections in the environment. Table 1 [The Environment-Organization Interaction Matrix] Developing on the work of Emery and Trist, Terreberry (1968) concluded that an increasing number of organizational systems find themselves in environments of the fourth type [characterized by L22 processes]. She described turbulent situation as one in which the accelerating rate and complexity of interactive effects exceeds the capacities of prediction of the organizational systems which make up the environment and hence, these systems tend to lose control of the compounding consequences of their actions. Terreberry's turbulent environment parallels "dynamic- complex" environment of Duncan (1972),
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