Operant Conditioning At The Preschool Classroom

982 Words Dec 6th, 2015 4 Pages
Operant Conditioning in the Preschool Classroom My service-learning placement this year was at the OTist Family Resource Integration CO. LTD, located in Taipei, Taiwan, and I completed my service learning at their special education preschool program. Problem behaviors are commonly seen among preschoolers, and according to the article, Reducing Behavior Problems: An Operant Conditioning Guide for Teachers, the first step toward better classroom management is for the teacher to recognize that how a child behave is mainly determined by the teachers’ behavior and the strategy they use. By using operant conditioning, a learning process in which the behaviors are modified by the consequences through the use of positive and negative reinforcement and punishment, problem behaviors can be diminished and desired behaviors can be strengthened (Becker, Thomas, & Carnine, 1969, p. 4). Behaviors can be shaped by using three methods: 1. Reward appropriate behavior, 2. Strengthen the reward if the behavior is not learned yet, and 3. Punish problem behaviors (p. 4). Rewarding appropriate behavior is one of the most commonly used methods in our preschool. One specific child catches my attention instantly at my first day of service learning. She is a six-year-old girl who has been diagnosed with moderate Intellectual Disability. When I first enter the classroom, she seems to be a sweet girl who likes to approach new people and invites me to do assignments with her. Everything went smoothly…
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