Operant Conditioning : The Response Of The Operant

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Skinner’s Basic Assumptions (Olson & Hergenhahn, 2011, pp. 258-288) • Operant Conditioning – The response of the operant is modified by some type of influencing factor due to the aftereffects of the response. • Behavior o Behavior is based upon rules o Behavior can be controlled o Behavior can be predicted Bandura’s and Mischel’s Basic Assumptions (Olson & Hergenhahn, 2011, pp. 323-355) • Social-Cognitive Theory – Behavior originates in social and cognitive ways o Freedom vs. Determinism  Humans do not have a free-will  Human behavior is goal-oriented  One can influence both behavior and environment o Mind-Body Relationship – Thoughts are not confined to cognitive action but are a product of advanced brain function Rogers’ and Maslow’s Basic Assumptions (Olson & Hergenhahn, 2011, pp. 435-499) • Humans are basically good • Humans need no control because control is the driving force in the doing of bad things • Human behavior is rational and purposeful • Human behavior is driven by motivators • All humans have the same basic needs • Human behavior is need-based May’s Basic Assumptions (Olson & Hergenhahn, 2011, pp. 500- 526) • Existentialist o Emphasis on freedom of choice o Emphasis on individuality o Emphasis on conscious experience • Emphasizes will or an intentional commitment to action toward a particular goal • Three Modes of Existence o Umwelt – the physical and objective world o Mitwelt – the world characterized by human interactions o Eigenwelt – the
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