Operant Conditioning : The Response Of The Operant

928 Words Dec 6th, 2015 4 Pages
Skinner’s Basic Assumptions (Olson & Hergenhahn, 2011, pp. 258-288)
• Operant Conditioning – The response of the operant is modified by some type of influencing factor due to the aftereffects of the response.
• Behavior o Behavior is based upon rules o Behavior can be controlled o Behavior can be predicted
Bandura’s and Mischel’s Basic Assumptions (Olson & Hergenhahn, 2011, pp. 323-355)
• Social-Cognitive Theory – Behavior originates in social and cognitive ways o Freedom vs. Determinism
 Humans do not have a free-will
 Human behavior is goal-oriented
 One can influence both behavior and environment o Mind-Body Relationship – Thoughts are not confined to cognitive action but are a product of advanced brain function
Rogers’ and Maslow’s Basic Assumptions (Olson & Hergenhahn, 2011, pp. 435-499)
• Humans are basically good
• Humans need no control because control is the driving force in the doing of bad things
• Human behavior is rational and purposeful
• Human behavior is driven by motivators
• All humans have the same basic needs
• Human behavior is need-based
May’s Basic Assumptions (Olson & Hergenhahn, 2011, pp. 500- 526)
• Existentialist o Emphasis on freedom of choice o Emphasis on individuality o Emphasis on conscious experience
• Emphasizes will or an intentional commitment to action toward a particular goal
• Three Modes of Existence o Umwelt – the physical and objective world o Mitwelt – the world characterized by human interactions o Eigenwelt – the…
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