Operating Systems: Current Development of Windows and Linux

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INTRODUCTION

An operating system is a collection of programs written in low level languages that control the resources of a computer. It manages the computer's memory, processes, and all of its software and hardware. Operating system acts as an interface between the users and the hardware which allows the user to communicate with the computer without a language barrier. Booting is the process that occurs when users press the power button to turn the computer on. During this process, the computer runs tests to make sure everything is working correctly, checks for new hardware and then starts up the operating system by loading it into the main memory. The operating system ensures the best use of the computer resources and provides
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2. Linux(Open Source Operating System )

It has been more than 20 years since Linus was found. Linus Torvalds, founder of Linux OS sparked an open source revolution with a short email declaring he was doing a new project “just for fun” and now Linux powers world’s super computers and other gadgets. Basically Linux is everywhere.

Linux kernel development proceeds under a loose, time-based release model, with a new major kernel release occurring every 2–3 months. This model, which was first formalized in 2005, gets new features into the mainline kernel and out to users with a minimum of delay. That, in turn, speeds the pace of development and minimizes the number of external changes that distributors
The latest Linux runs entirely on Chrome operating system and now Linux trying to move on to a new world of Linux desktops which is the Cloud-based Linux distributions, such as Chrome operating system and Peppermint.

The current stable Linux version 3.13.6 and Linux version 3.14 will be released soon with much more improved Intel Broadwell graphic support and also improved other features

Evolution of windows
Released Date Version Description
November 20, 1985 Windows 1.01 - 16-bit OS that cost less than 1MB
- Microsoft’s first OS that allows multitasking with graphical user interface
- Runs on MS-DOS 5.0
1986 Windows 1.03 - Upgrade of Windows 1.01
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