After prolonged use, the body becomes physically reliant; the long-term effects of this addiction are synonymous with withdrawal symptoms. Opioid withdrawal is especially difficult since they moderate dopamine; once use is reduced or put to an end, the induced euphoria is as well, and the pleasure centers are often left impaired (Tigerin Peare and drugfreeworld.com). Additionally, one can suffer from restlessness, muscle and bone pain, insomnia, diarrhea, vomiting, and cold flashes, often coinciding with
Analysis: Opioids are a class of drug that are medically used as very effective painkillers, like fentanyl and morphine, however, they are highly addictive and produce a feeling of euphoria (“Opioids”). This combination leads do a lot of abuse and dependency, where people take more than prescribed in order to feel better. People start off taking the opioid painkillers in order to not feel pain as prescribed by their doctors. Then, they end up getting addicted to them. There are also illicit opioids, such as heroin, that are also highly addictive and also lead to dependency and death (“Opioids”). These illicit versions are taken for recreational reasons, and are also often mixed with other drugs. The combination of taking an unregulated drug in conjunction with other drugs leads to a lot of overdoses.
Opioid addiction is so prevalent in the healthcare system because of the countless number of hospital patients being treated for chronic pain. While opioid analgesics have beneficial painkilling properties, they also yield detrimental dependence and addiction. There is a legitimate need for the health care system to provide powerful medications because prolonged pain limits activities of daily living, work productivity, quality of life, etc. (Taylor, 2015). Patients need to receive appropriate pain treatment, however, opioids need to be prescribed after careful consideration of the benefits and risks.
Opioids are drugs that come from opium. Opium is the dried latex which comes from the opium poppy seed. These drugs create an euphoric effect on the brain. They attach to receptors in the brain to release opium. There are four classes of opioids. Endogenous opioids which the body release on its own at moments of joy. Opium alkaloid, semi-synthetic opioids, and fully-synthetic opioid which are all human made chemically in labs.
Today all across America people are buying and selling prescription drugs and street drugs that are killing our youth and our elders. Opiates directly affect the central nervous system. Narcotics commonly known as "opiates attach to specific proteins called opioid receptors and can be found in the brain, spinal cord and gastrointestinal tract. When
As better and more comprehensive education is provided both to the general public and practicing clinicians the hope is to reduce the negativity surrounding the users of opioids, and to eliminate demeaning language coupled to them as well. This could improve patient morale and help the needless continuation of physical suffering within patients, as they would be more comfortable approaching and using opioids for therapeutic purposes1. That being said there are those within our communities who do abuse these substances and pharmacists must recognize the signs of abusers, it is important for them to reach out, without comment, to help those suffering from opioid abuse once they have been
Methadone is a drug that is primarily used to treat patients who have developed and addiction to opiate agonists such as Heroin, Oxycodone, Morphine and Hydromorph Contin. (Canadian Public Health Association. N/D.) Methadone is also used to treat chronic pain. In treatment patients will undergo a physical exam and blood work to ensure their body can handle the drug. A test is also done on the patient to determine the level of opiate withdrawal the patient is in. Once the patient is determined to require treatment they will be prescribed a dose of Methadone to relieve their withdrawal symptoms as well as reduce cravings. Methadone itself is a synthetic opioid which acts on the same opioid receptors as other agonistic opiates. (Canadian Public
Opiate addiction can cause many negative changes in the brain. This leads to the structure and functioning of the brain to perform lower than usual. As a result of constant consumption of the opiate medications, addicts lose most of their ability to cope with pain naturally without taking use of pain medication (Torres, 2014). This low tolerance of pain leads to the addict experiencing a higher level of pain since they consistently have high levels of opiates in their system (Torres, 2014). Opiates have the ability to produce withdrawal symptoms in a few hours after the last dose (Opiate Withdrawal Timelines, Symptoms and
Opioid abuse is a growing epidemic within the United States. Not only are people abusing the prescription forms of opioids (such as oxycodone - OxyContin, hydrocodone - Vicodin, codeine, and morphine) by taking more than they are supposed to, but they are also being bought, sold, and used on the streets illegally; such as heroin. Opioids are highly addicting because of the high they can induce in a person, causing a dependence and yearning for continued use (NIDA, n.d.) In 2007, the United States was responsible for over 99 percent of the global consumption of hydrocodone and 83 percent of the global consumption of oxycodone (United Nations Publications, 2009).
An opiate-dependent person does not have the inability to think clearly and adapt easily into a life without the opiates. When an addict is presented with the challenge of stopping the use of opiates, the brain needs it more than ever before. Even long after the withdrawal symptoms are gone; an addict must deal with post acute withdrawal syndrome (PAWS). The syndrome lasts from six to eighteen months after the last use. It has importance to the recovering addict’s ability to benefit from recovery, treatment, function effectively on the job, interact with family and friends, and regain emotional health.
When used in moderation and as prescribed opioids are relatively safe. Unfortunately, they are often misused. Misuse of opioids include using it in conjunction with other controlled substances like alcohol or weed, taking it for longer than prescribed, taking more than prescribed, and using it in a way that it was not intended—for example, snorting or injecting it intravenously. This misuse increases the opportunity for dependence exponentially. The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) defines dependence as something that occurs because of adaptations to long term exposure to a drug (Opioids affect the Body, 2016). This happens because of an increase in tolerance, which is the body’s ability to handle a substance—eventually the body is going to need greater doses to produce the same effects. Unfortunately, once the body stops
Although opioid withdrawal symptoms are not life-threatening, they can be very uncomfortable and painful. Additionally, some of these symptoms can lead to medical complications. For example, a patient who experiences nausea and vomiting can accidentally inhale vomit into their lungs. This is known as aspiration, and it can result in a specific type of pneumonia called aspiration pneumonia.
Opiates, otherwise known as prescription painkillers, have become an enormous problem in the United States. Addiction, overdoses, and death are only a few of the problems caused by opiates. Painkillers can be prescribed to help lessen chronic pain, pain from surgery, pain from serious accidents, or pain from terminal diseases. Opiates are highly addicting and have become highly abused in the United States in the past few years. Prescription painkillers need to be banned in the United States because of the dangers they bring to the patients to whom they are being prescribed. The FDA needs to become more involved in the awareness of how dangerous these drugs are and place a ban on them.
The social problem I chose to do something about is opiate abuse/addiction. Opiates are naturally occurring narcotics, such as opium and opium derivatives, including morphine, codeine, and heroin. Prescription painkillers are opioid analgesics. Opiates are highly addictive and dangerous when misused. This social problem matters to me because I am a recovering opiate addict. I have been clean for four months and my new found passion is educating people about the dangers of opiates. People assume because doctors prescribe opioid analgesics, they must be safe. Opiate abuse matters to society because when opiates are misused, lives are taken. People die from overdose, abusers’ worlds fall apart because of their addiction, and loved ones of the abusers are left grieving and feeling helpless.
Even if the drug analgesic effect is strong, but long-term using has side effects. Non-opioid may lead to gastrointestinal bleeding. Kidney and liver dysfunction, cardiovascular toxicity and allergic reactions. The side effects of opioids may include constipation, itchiness, urinary retention, nausea, dizzy, etc. And then serious lead to coma, respiratory