In Nolan and Amico’s article, “How Bad is the Opioid Epidemic?” they argue the opioid epidemic has become the worst drug crisis in American history. Heroin and other opioids overdose kill more than 47,055 people a year. Deaths caused from drug overdose has outnumber as much as 40 percent compared to the death caused from car crashes in 2014 (Nolan and Amico 3). Furthermore, in 1999 there were only 15000 people died from drug overdose. This number has tripled in 15 years. Also, in his article, “America’s Addiction to Opioids: Heroin and Prescription Drug Abuse” Volkow also presents the fact that “with an estimated 2.1 million people in the United States suffering from substance use disorders related to prescription opioid pain relievers in 2012 and an estimated 467,000 addicted to heroin. The consequences of this abuse have been devastating and are on the rise. For example, the number of unintentional overdose deaths from prescription pain relievers has
Tennessee is one of the states hit hardest by the nation’s opioid epidemic which began about 20 years ago and had a stark increase since 2009, now reaching unprecedented levels across the county with a 200% increase in the rate of deaths involving opioids (Rudd, Aleshire, Zibbell, & Gladden, 2016; Fletcher, 2016). In Tennessee specifically, it is estimated that about 1 in 6 abuse opioids; the CDC estimates that for every one person who dies from an opioid overdose in Tennessee there are 851 others in the state who are in various stages of their abuse, misuse, and treatment; and the most recent statistics show that opioid overdoses alone make up about 7.7% of deaths in Tennessee, making them responsible for more deaths than car accidents in the state (Botticelli, 2016; Rudd, Aleshire, Zibbell, & Gladden, 2016; Fletcher, 2016; ONDCP, 2016; Thompson, 2016).
The opioid problem is big. The fact that multiple parties (FDA, Pharmacies, Doctors) are involved make the problem even more complex and difficult to fix. One of the best ways to begin helping the opioid crisis is within the FDA. The different types of opioids need to be re-tested to evaluate their necessity within our healthcare system. Too many readily available opioids are not beneficial. Next are doctors need to be taught to stand up again big pharmaceutical companies. These companies have their priority in profit, not patient care. Hopefully by implementing these factors, the opioid crisis can become a problem of the past.
Opioid addiction is so prevalent in the healthcare system because of the countless number of hospital patients being treated for chronic pain. While opioid analgesics have beneficial painkilling properties, they also yield detrimental dependence and addiction. There is a legitimate need for the health care system to provide powerful medications because prolonged pain limits activities of daily living, work productivity, quality of life, etc. (Taylor, 2015). Patients need to receive appropriate pain treatment, however, opioids need to be prescribed after careful consideration of the benefits and risks.
The United States currently faces an unprecedented epidemic of opioid addiction. This includes painkillers, heroin, and other drugs made from the same base chemical. In the couple of years, approximately one out of twenty Americans reported misuse or abuse of prescriptions painkillers. Heroin abuse and overdoses are on the rise and are the leading cause of injury deaths, surpassing car accidents and gun shots. The current problem differs from the opioid addiction outbreaks of the past in that it is also predominant in the middle and affluent classes. Ultimately, anyone can be fighting a battle with addiction and it is important for family members and loved ones to know the signs. The cause for this epidemic is that the current spike of opioid abuse can be traced to two decades of increased prescription rates for painkillers by well-meaning physicians.
If you watch the news it should come as no surprise that drug abuse and overdoses have increased dramatically in the United States. According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, as many as 36 million people abuse opioids throughout the world with 2.1 million in the U.S. who currently suffer from opioid abuse disorders (National Institute on Drug Abuse, 2014). These astonishing numbers are only marginalized when comparing them to opioid related deaths in the United States. With an increase of 137 percent since 2000, deaths from drug overdoses now occur 1.5 times more often than deaths from motor vehicle accidents (Rudd Aleshire, Zibbell & Gladden, 2016). The opioid epidemic in the
In the article, “Don’t blame addicts for America’s opioid crisis. Here are the real culprits” by Chris McGreal, America’s widespread opioid problem is discussed. Primarily, McGreal points the finger at multiple sources such as the FDA, pharmaceutical companies, and the government for aggravating the opioid problem. According to the author, “America’s opioid crisis was caused by rapacious pharma companies, politicians who colluded with them and regulators who approved one opioid pill after another” (McGreal). However, McGreal believes that there are multiple causes for the deadly opioid epidemic that exists today. Next, McGreal states that money is one of the main reasons for the epidemic of opioids. The author asserts that patients are given
In the article, Oaklawn responds to opioid epidemic through a variety of treatment methods, Oaklawn shares how the opioid epidemic came to be and how they are geared to resolve the issue. The opioid epidemic started when physicians in the 1980’s, 90’s and 00’s thought that the only way to treat chronic pain was to keep giving their patients an increase in the pain medications. Physicians are now recognizing their mistake in doing this and are now working together to find a way to help people struggling with opioid addiction.
In looking into the opioid epidemic, Joe Rannazzisi, the head of the Office of Diversion Control in the DEA, started to notice a trend of distributors shipping large amounts of opioids to midsize to small pharmacies around the country. Based on the alarming consequences of pushing opioids in these communities, Rannazzisi decided to step in and freeze the distribution to these pharmacies. In addition, he decided to investigate them. The DEA has a broad authority to stop opioids being pumped into communities based on an imminent threat to the community. This all changed when lobbyists for the big pharmacies got legislation through Congress that essentially stopped the DEA from freezing the distribution of opioids to these communities. This legislation
Studies done in recent years have shown a significant decline in the average life expectancy in the United States. Seeing as this is the first time this has occurred since the Vietnam War, there is significant concern regarding this issue. Initial investigation shows a possible link between this crisis and the current struggle with opioid overuse and dependency. What is the depth of this connection? Is it causal or merely correlative?
This article discusses a crisis endangering millions of lives. The opioid crisis is a rising issue and what does the health ministry do about it? They sign a health deal for 1.4 billion dollars to address the opioid crisis. “Federal Health Minister Jane Philpott says the funding agreement with B.C. includes $785 million for better home care and more than $650 million for mental-health initiatives.” In my opinion this is a constructive move towards better overall health. As the health minister said “We are taking an approach that will protect lives and protect the health of communities.” When the government invests in health the return on investment pays off. Having a healthier population free of opioids means higher productivity and a higher quality of life for all. This is a federal issue because it tackles a nation-wide problem that
Do you think consuming drugs can make you feel good? Yes, it might make you feel relaxed for a few minutes but what happens after that? What do the drugs do to your mind and body? They slowly kill the human being from the inside. We as an educated society can solve the Opioid Abuse Epidemic in Massachusetts if we develop three level preventions, stop overprescribing and raise awareness.
As a teen I have seen multiple teens recklessness and their parents trying their hardest to prevent their son and or daughter from using drugs, but their efforts keep failing. Everyday a mother wakes up to find her teenager deceased, everyday I live with void of not having my best friend due to her overdose. Each day that passes marks another day farther from the last time I got to see her. President Donald Trump early in his term issued a national emergency, the opioid crisis. The opioid crisis affects children as young as coming into this world and adults at any age. Google defines an opioid as “ an opium like compound that binds to one or more of the three opioid receptors of the body.” (Google) Despite the government and parent involvement
In my opinion, the opioid crisis is not covered enough outside of the healthcare industry. Before completing my research paper on opioid crisis I was not aware that the opioid crisis was such an important topic. As a young adult I should be aware that this is an subject that needs to be addressed because it effects us the most. I do feel that this problem is more focused on effecting young adults due to us not being educated about the topic. Spreading awareness should be the first thing we think about when attempting to handle the situation.
To begin, Pennsylvania takes ‘all hands on deck’ approach to opioid crisis, is an article composed by Cesar Gamboa, a staff reporter and editor for Addiction Now, which focuses on the Pennsylvania state government’s response to a rising opioid abuse